Crime and Deviance Specification

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  • Created by: Taylor
  • Created on: 25-01-12 16:06

1. Different theories of crime, deviance, social order and social control

• Different definitions of crime, deviance, social order and social control

• The distinction between sociological theories of crime and other theories (eg biological, psychological); crime and deviance as socially constructed

• Functionalist theories of crime: Durkheim, anomie, collective conscience; Merton’s strain theory; manifest and latent functions; functionalist subcultural theories

• Marxist and neo-Marxist theories of crime: classical Marxism, laws reflecting class interests; Neo-Marxism, hegemony, the CCCS studies, critical and new criminology

• Interactionist theories of crime: labelling theory, the self-fulfilling prophecy

• Feminist theories of crime: patriarchy, male control of women’s lives

• Control theory and other contemporary approaches to crime: social bonds, communitarianism, situational prevention; postmodern theories; Foucault on individualisation and surveillance

• Realist theories: New Left Realism and Right Realism

• The relevance of the various theories to understanding different types of crime, and their implications for social policy.

2. The social distribution of crime and deviance by age, ethnicity, gender, locality and social class, including recent patterns and trends in crime

• Study of statistics and other evidence on the social distribution of crime by age, ethnicity, gender, locality and social class, including recent patterns and trends


• Issues related to and explanations of the social distribution of crime and deviance by age: juvenile delinquency and youth crime


• Issues related to and explanations of the social distribution of crime and deviance and ethnicity: explanations from different theories, racism in the criminal justice system


• Issues related to and explanations of the social distribution of crime and deviance and gender: explanations of the rates of male and female crime, the gendering of crime, chivalry thesis, the gender deal


• Issues related

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