REVISION

  • Created by: JessBae
  • Created on: 22-04-17 20:42
Cultural Capital
Scocial classes have their own cultural values, tastes and preferences.
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Subjective Measures
A personal or opinionated observation about something.
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Objective Measures
An unbiased observation about something.
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Social Class indicators
Things about a person that indicate what social class they may be.
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State School
Education available to all provided by tax payers funding.
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Private School ( also known as public)
Fee paying, can a day of school or boarding.
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Elite
A select group that is superior in terms of ability or qualities to the rest of a group or society.
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Marxist views
The upper class are the Bourgeoisie who own or have large shares in the means of production. They oppress and exploit the proletariat. This enables them to make profit.
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Social Closure
Restriction of entry and access to social networks. Ways of doing this inlcude sending children to boarding schools, socializing in exclusive clubs and participating in high cultural activities too expensive to most.
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Old boys Network
Social network develop through secondary socialization. This may lead to an 'old boys network' where your family name and educational setting leads you to have an upper class social network.
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The super Rich
Recent increase in total wealth has led to individuals being able to earn excessive amounts of money.
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The New Ruling Class
Include individuals that have worked their way up, gained titles, bought land nut not inherited it. It takes more time for these people to integrate in the upper class.
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Business Elite
Ownership of significant national, international and global companies. This can be in the financial sector.
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Aristocracy
Worth thousands of millions, wealth comes from generations of family land ownership, money is inherited and passed on over time.
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The Upper Class
The social group that has the highest status in society, especially the aristocracy.
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Economic capital
Is money and wealth
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Social capital
Is a form of economic and cultural capital in which social networks are central, transactions are marked by reciprocity, trust, and cooperation, and market agents produce goods and services not mainly for themselves, but for a common good.
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Bourdieu
Was a French sociologist, anthropologist, philosopher, and renowned public intellectual.
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Identity through education
When students form their identities based in which environment and school they go to.
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Deferred gratification
The ideological principle which encourages individuals and groups to postpone immediate consumption or pleasure in order to work, train, invest, or gain in some other way an enhanced return at a future date.
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Family identity
Is the first step in cultivating a strong family life and solid relationships. It's expressed in your family values, goals, vision, and mission statement.
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Savage 4 types of middle class
1- Professional. 2-Managers in private businesses. 3-Self-employed owners of small business. 4-The entrepreneurial group.
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Future Foundation
Importing the future into the present where different possibilities are actualized contemporary industrial societies the foundations for.
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Middle class
The social group between the upper and working classes, including professional and business people and their families.
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Social class
A division of a society based on social and economic status.
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New working class
More equal roles, more leisure time, pop culture, achieved status.
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Traditional working class
Segregated conjugal roles, works constantly, ascribed status.
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Brassed Off
British movie about the traditional working class.
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Image change in the media
The working class is shown as lazy, horrible. Discriminated still but before was shown as hardworking.
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Ethnicity
The fact or state of belonging to a social group that has a common national or cultural tradition.
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First generation
First person in a family to immigrate to another country.
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Second generation
Child of a first generation migrant
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Ethnic hybridity or bi culturalism
When more than one cultural practice mixes together.
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Race
Each of the major divisions of humankind, having distinct physical characteristics.
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Bend it like Beckham
British movie where a girl who is the second generation is suffering from hybridity between Indian culture and British culture.
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Ethnic make-up of the UK
Indian Identify as British= 61%. Pakistan Identify as British=67%. White Identify as British=25%. Black African Identify as British=45%.
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Modood
Founding Director of the Bristol University Research Center for the study of Ethnicity and Citizenship. Writes for the Guardian newspaper. 40 grants for research. Wrote 35 books. Engages with the media. Influences policy.
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Modood
Argues there has been changes over generations. 1st generations are likely to see themselves as in their culture while the 2nd generation see themselves as an hybrid or more of the other culture they grew up in.
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Migration observatory
Involves experts from a wide range of disciplines, academic departments and research centers at the University Oxford.
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Islamophobia
Dislike of or prejudice against Islam or Muslims, especially as a political force.
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History of mass migration
1948 the country was exclusive white but mass migration got to England after world war 2. In forces the White and Black were equal but out of it the Black suffered from discrimination. Most migrants came from the British colony in the Caribbeans.
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Image change In the media
They use to discriminate other races but now the jokes are less offensive and show other races in a more positive way. Before the media used very stereotypical offensive jokes to describe certain races and cultures.
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Citizenship
The position or status of being a citizen of a particular country.
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Nationality
An ethnic group forming a part of one or more political nations.
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Disability
A physical or mental condition that limits a person's movements, senses, or activities.
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Discrimination
The unjust or prejudicial treatment of different categories of people, especially on the grounds of race, age, or sex.
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Impairment
The state or fact of being impaired, especially in a specified faculty.
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Social construction
Is a theory of knowledge in sociology and communication theory that examines the development of jointly constructed understandings of the world that form the basis for shared assumptions about reality.
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Labelling
Giving someone a status.
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Medical Model
Sees disability as a medical problem, focusing on the limitations caused by the impairment. This approach leads to the defining of a disabled person by their disability or impairment.
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Social Model
Focuses on the social and physical barriers to inclusion that may exist, such as the design of buildings and public spaces that deny access to those with mobility problems, or discriminatory attitudes and practices against those with disabilities.
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Learned Helplessness
A condition in which a person suffers from a sense of powerlessness, arising from a traumatic event or persistent failure to succeed.
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Master Status
When a label given to a person for example 'disabled' becomes the most important aspect of their identity. This will then influence their behavior after this point.
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Francesca Martinez
Actor/Comedian (as cerebral palsy).l People have stereotypes about people with disabilities. She doesn't like to refer to herself with a disability. What's normal and who decides what's normal? Society is the issue.
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Ellie Simmonds
Has grown up in a positive household, sees herself as a positive person, just smaller. To her being labelled 'dwarf' doesn't bother her.
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Image change in the media
Use to be negative (sinister, evil, as a burden, non-sexual) but now there's an increase of individuals with a disability, but also a positive identity.
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Scope survey
Conducted a study that found two thirds of people felt awkward talking to a disabled person. 43% didn't know anyone who was disabled. Many people are still overlooked for jobs.
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Scope Campaign #end the awkward
Is our campaign aimed at helping people feel more comfortable around disability.
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Work place attitudes
It's not changing. Often it's the society that make it 'awkward' for a person with a disability and not the individual themselves.
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Paralympics
A series of international contests for athletes with disabilities.
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Politically correct language
Showing an effort to make broad social and political changes to redress injustices caused by prejudice. It often involves changing or avoiding language that might offend anyone, especially with respect to gender, race, or ethnic background.
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Equality act
Protects you from various forms of discrimination relating to disability, and also discrimination and harassment: Direct discrimination is when you are treated less favorably than another person because of your disability.
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Government changes
Use of the term dates to at least 1925. Regime change may replace all or part of the state's most critical leadership system, administrative apparatus, or bureaucracy.
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Peter Dinklage
Actor in Game of Thrones, has been a role model for disabled people. Was labelled 'dwarf', but was voted one of the sexiest men alive in the Rolling Stone magazine.
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Anne Coulter case
Politician posted a rude, offensive comment about a man using a discriminatory word used against disabled people. Afterwards she got a well written defensive letter defending disabled people from John Franklin Stephens.
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Nothing about without us
Is a slogan used to communicate the idea that no policy should be decided by any representative without the full and direct participation of members of the group(s) affected by that policy.
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

A personal or opinionated observation about something.

Back

Subjective Measures

Card 3

Front

An unbiased observation about something.

Back

Preview of the back of card 3

Card 4

Front

Things about a person that indicate what social class they may be.

Back

Preview of the back of card 4

Card 5

Front

Education available to all provided by tax payers funding.

Back

Preview of the back of card 5
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