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SCLY 3 Beliefs in Society [REVISION GUIDE]































































1

Page 2

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SCLY 3 Beliefs in Society [REVISION GUIDE]






Remember:


You have to revise everything, because
essay questions will focus on more
than one area of the specification.

























The specification:


The relationship between religious beliefs and social change and stability

F un ct
ional
ism:
co nser vat
ive
force,
i
n…

Page 3

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SCLY 3 Beliefs in Society [REVISION GUIDE]



Typol
ogie s of
r
e l
i
g i
ous
o r
ganisat
ions:
chur
ch es,
deno minati
ons,
sect
s and cul
t s
,
wi
th
exa mp les of
each
N ew Rel
igi
ous Mo vements
a…

Page 4

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SCLY 3 Beliefs in Society [REVISION GUIDE]







































The exam format:


1 R e a d Item A b e l
o w an d a ns w e r p a rts (a ) and
(b)
t
h at
f
oll
ow.

Item A


















4

Page 5

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SCLY 3 Beliefs in Society [REVISION GUIDE]



( a) (i
)
I de nt
if
y and br
iefl
y e xpl
ain
two reasons
w hy
w o me n seem t
o
have a hi
gher




parti
ci
p at
ion
rate in
reli
gion
than t
hat…

Page 6

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SCLY 3 Beliefs in Society [REVISION GUIDE]


R a t
her
than def
ini
ng
rel
igi
on i
n ter
ms
of speci
fi
c ki
nds of
b el
ief,
f
u nct
ional
defi
nit
ions def
ine
it
i
n
ter
ms
o f

t he…

Page 7

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SCLY 3 Beliefs in Society [REVISION GUIDE]

















The relationship between religious beliefs and
social change and stability

The Big Picture


S ociol
ogica l
t
h eori
es o f
rel
igi
on are
ma i
n l
y concer
ne d
w i
th
religion'
s r
ole
for…

Page 8

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SCLY 3 Beliefs in Society [REVISION GUIDE]



Religion as a conservative force 1: the functionalist
perspective


T he f
u nct
ional
ist
perspect
ive
see s
rel
igi
on as mainl
y a
conservat
ive
force,
pr
omo t
in g soci
al
harmony,
s oci
a l
i…

Page 9

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SCLY 3 Beliefs in Society [REVISION GUIDE]


be a disruptive and socially divisive influence.

3. Civil religion


D u r
kh e i
m beli
e ved t
ha t
t
h e sup erna tura l
di
me nsio ns of
reli
gion
w ou l
d ev en…

Page 10

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SCLY 3 Beliefs in Society [REVISION GUIDE]


T he f
unc ti
o nal
ist
perspect
ive
se es
religion as a
conse r
vati
ve f
o r
ce,
promo ti
ng soci
al
ha r
mo ny and
p r
otecti
n g the
status
quo .
How…

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