Family revision

  • Created by: jvmima
  • Created on: 30-04-18 15:47
George Murdock and Talcott Parsons
1 of 49
George Murdock - year and key points
1949 - universal nuclear family and 4 functions of the family
2 of 49
What did Murdock argue about the nuclear family?
It was a universal concept that existed in all societies
3 of 49
What are the 4 functions of the nuclear family?
Stable satisfaction of the sex drive, socialisation of the young, meetings its members economic needs and reproduction of the next generation
4 of 49
Stable satisfaction of the sex drive
Ensuring there is no sexual free-for-all as each person has a partner
5 of 49
Socialisation of the young
Teaching kids society's norms and values to prevent anomies
6 of 49
Meeting economic needs
Ensuring each family member has the basic necessities of food, water, shelter etc.
7 of 49
Reproducing next generation
Making sure society continues by having more kids
8 of 49
General criticisms of Murdock
Ignores that other institutions could perform these functions and nuclear family isnt present in every society
9 of 49
Feminist criticisms of Murdock
Family benefits men and oppresses women
10 of 49
Marxist criticisms of Murdock
Meets the needs of capitalism, not family or society as a whole
11 of 49
Parsons - year and key points
1955 - functional fit theory, two irreducible factors of the family, roles and warm bath theory
12 of 49
What is the functional fit theory?
The idea that the family progresses with society to ensure that it fits the times
13 of 49
What is the geographically mobile workforce?
As globalisation increases it is easier to transport a nuclear family than an extended family
14 of 49
What is the socially mobile workforce?
Status is no longer ascribed as it is easy to achieve a higher status in modern times
15 of 49
What are the two irreducible factors of the family?
Stabilisation of adult persoanlities and socialisation of children
16 of 49
Primary socialisation of children
to equip them with basic skills and society's values, to enable them to cooperate with others and begin to intergate them into society
17 of 49
Stablisation of adult personalities
family is a place where adults can relax and ease their tensions, enabling them to return to the workplace refreshed and ready to meet its demands
18 of 49
What is the Warm Bath theory?
Men come home from the workplace tired and stressed and the family soak up all the anger to ensure the husband will go back to work the next day with ease
19 of 49
Instrumental role
Men are the breadwinners
20 of 49
Expressive role
Women stay at home to do domestic labour and take care of the family
21 of 49
Criticisms of Parsons
Wilmott and Young found nuclear family has always been dominant type and ignores the dark side of the family as women are 'takers of ****'
22 of 49
Charles Murray and David Marsland
23 of 49
Charles Murray - year and key points
1984 - perverse incentives and the underclass
24 of 49
What are perverse incentives?
Rewarding irresponsible or anti-social behaviour
25 of 49
Give 3 examples of peverse incentives
Fathers abandoning children as state will maintain them, giving council housing to single teenage mothers encourages teenage pregnancy and boys grow up without a male role model due to benefits for lone-parent families
26 of 49
What is the underclass?
The lowest of the social class who should be ignored as they can't get out of their situation
27 of 49
David Marsland - year and key point
1989 - dependency culture
28 of 49
What is dependency culture?
Individuals become dependent on the state to support them and their children rather than being self-reliant which affects the socialisationof the young and men's work ethics
29 of 49
Feminist criticisms of the New Right
Attempt to justify a return to patriarchal nuclear family that oppressed women
30 of 49
General criticisms of the New Right
Wrongly assumes patriarchal nuclear family is natural and ignores many policies that support and maintain the nuclear family rather than undermine it
31 of 49
Freidrich Engels, Herbert Marcuse and Eli Zaretsky
32 of 49
Freidrich Engels - year and key points
1884 - primitive communism, promiscuous hordes, bourgeois value sand loss of human species essence
33 of 49
What was primitive communism?
No private property, all members of society owned the means of production communally
34 of 49
What were the promiscuous hordes?
No restrictions on sexual relationships
35 of 49
What was the loss of the human species essence?
Men has to be certain of the paternity of their children to ensure that their legitimate heirs inherited from them. Rise in monogamous nuclear family as women became objects for men to sleep with and reproduce families.
36 of 49
Herbert Marcuse - year and key point
1964 - family as a unit of consumption
37 of 49
How are the family a unit of consumption?
Sell for more than made for. Families encouraged to 'keep up with the Joneses'' by consuming latest products, 'pester power' as media target chuldren and children mocked if they don't have latest styles
38 of 49
Eli Zaretsky - year and key points
1976 - illusion of security
39 of 49
How does the family create an illusion of security?
Offers a 'haven' from the harsh and exploitative world of capitalism, in which workers can be themselves and have a private life. Largely an illusion - family cannot actually meet its members needs
40 of 49
General crticisms of Marxists
Assume that the nuclear family is dominant in society and ignores family diversity in post modernity
41 of 49
Feminist criticisms of Marxists
Emphasis on class and capitalism underestimates the importance of gender inequalities within the family. Family primarily serves interest of men, not capitalism
42 of 49
Functionalist crticisms of Marxists
Marxists ignore the very real benefits that the family provides for its members
43 of 49
Jenny Somerville
44 of 49
Jenny Somerville - year and key points
2000 - female progress and equal rights
45 of 49
What is her argument about the female progress?
Women's oppression is being gradually overcome through changes in attitudes and the law such as the Sex Discrimination Act
46 of 49
What is her opinion on equality amongst genders and the needs to improve?
Moving towards greater equality, but full equality will depend on further reforms and changes in attitudes and socialisations of both sexes
47 of 49
Margaret Benston and Fran Ansley
48 of 49
Margaret Benston - year and key points
1972 - women as unpaid labour and reserve army of labour
49 of 49

Other cards in this set

Card 2


George Murdock - year and key points


1949 - universal nuclear family and 4 functions of the family

Card 3


What did Murdock argue about the nuclear family?


Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4


What are the 4 functions of the nuclear family?


Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5


Stable satisfaction of the sex drive


Preview of the front of card 5
View more cards


No comments have yet been made

Similar Sociology resources:

See all Sociology resources »See all Families and households resources »