Population Policies

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  • Created by: 104608
  • Created on: 01-05-16 15:02
Anti-Natalist Policy
Aim to reduce population in a sustainable way by controlling fertility rate. Eg China
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Pro-Natalist Policy
Aim to Increase population by encouraging people to have more children. Eg France
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When was China's One Child Policy put in place?
1979
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Give three problems with the policy
It created little emperors as kids were spoilt. Women had to go through abortions and had lots of pressure. It was hard for the policy to be enforced in rural areas.
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What happened to baby Girls?
There was a female infantacide meaning girls were given to orphanage in the hope to have a baby boy seccond time around.
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How many births did the policy prevent
It's estimated that it prevented 400 million births
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What benefits did the policy bring to those living in china
A high standard of living, no famine instead good food supply to all
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What changes were made in 1990 to the Policy?
People who were only children could then have two children reducing the responsibility economically
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Why else could people have 2 children?
People were becoming wealthier meaning they could pay the government to have a seccond child
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What will the major problem be as a result of the policy
There's a huge gender imbalance and a shortage of labour workforce
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Why have the government decided to get rid of the policy?
They have realised the population will not be able to support itself otherwise. As it now has a massive ageing population
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How many births are estimated now that the policy has stopped?
400 million more births in the next 25 years.
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An example of a Pro-Natalist policy?
France to increase birth rates after WW2
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What was France's fertility rate in 2014?
2.01
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How much money were couples paid to have a third child?
Just under £1100 to have a third child
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What other perks were parents given when they had more children?
Maternity grants, mortgages and full tax benefits, reduced transport costs
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Is this Pro Natalist Policy successful?
Yes- France has the highest fertility rate in Europe
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How did Russia increase the fertility Rate?
In 2007, the introduced an national sex day offering prizes to couples who had children on that day
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Was the National Sex Fay successful?
Yes- increased the birth rate by 4.5% in a year
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Why did Putin have to issue this national sex day?
Because it was estimated that Russian could loose 40 million people due to low birth rates and poor Heath care and emigrate
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

Aim to Increase population by encouraging people to have more children. Eg France

Back

Pro-Natalist Policy

Card 3

Front

1979

Back

Preview of the back of card 3

Card 4

Front

It created little emperors as kids were spoilt. Women had to go through abortions and had lots of pressure. It was hard for the policy to be enforced in rural areas.

Back

Preview of the back of card 4

Card 5

Front

There was a female infantacide meaning girls were given to orphanage in the hope to have a baby boy seccond time around.

Back

Preview of the back of card 5
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