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Slide 1

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For centuries China stood as a leading
civilization, outpacing the rest of the world
in the arts and sciences, but in the 19th and
early 20th centuries, the country was beset
by civil unrest, major famines, military
defeats, and foreign occupation. However
to this day for much of the population, living
standards have improved dramatically and
the room for personal choice has expanded,
yet political controls remain tight. Currently
China is a communist country.
Population: 1,330,044,544 (July 2008 est.)
Birth rate: 13.71 births/1,000 population (2008 est.)
Death rate:7.03 deaths/1,000 population (2008 est.)
Life expectancy, total population: 73.18 years…read more

Slide 2

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One-Child Policy
Causes: From the 1950s onwards China's population has rapidly increased in number. In 1950
the population was around 0.6 billion, by 1975 the population was over 0.9 billion with a birth rate
of around 30 per thousand. This is due to the belief that every birth was a valuable addition to
national resources and power.
Effects: The government realised that the rapid growth would lead to famine and starvation if it
continued, therefore in 1981 the one-child policy was introduced.…read more

Slide 3

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Solutions: A letter was sent from the government to the
communist party throughout china urging people to
have no more than one child and encouraging local
party members to enforce the policy. In some parts of
China this only remained as a guideline to the people,
while in other areas it was obligatory. Incentives were
paid to people who followed the policy, other times
people were fined heavily for having more than one
child. Moreover they're were compulsory abortions and
sterilisations that were carried out.
The policy was relaxed to reflect that Contraceptive advice was freely available and people
not having a son wasn't an economic were encouraged into late marriages. The famous
disaster for rural families. "Granny Police" were given responsibility to persuade
young people in there area to use contraceptives so as
to avoid unforeseen pregnancies.
Two unexpected consequences of the policy were the
abandonment of baby girls and the practise of female
infanticide, this is due to the fact that in rural areas it
was traditional for sons would marry and bring their
wives to live on the farm and support the parents in
their old age.…read more

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In 2000 the government decided to adjust
the policy, more freedom over having
families and they were less pressured by
the government, but it was made clear
that the policy was still in place.
In 2007 the population was 1.3 billion,
without the one-child policy it would be at
least 25% bigger. The birth rate was
around 14 per 1000 and the annual
growth rate is about 0.5%. China is now
concerned that it will face problems of an
ageing population by 2025, when the
baby boom of the 1950s reaches old age.
Due to the economic progress that has
been made in the 1990s and 2000s, there
is a good chance that the country will be
able to provide for its old people which
wouldn't have been possible if there had
been the extra 338 million people to feed.…read more


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