PE- 22/1/14

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What does the term 'muscular system' mean?
Muscular system describes all the muscles in the body and how they work
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What are the voluntary muscles?
The voluntary muscles are the muscles that bring about movement, they can be controlled and trained to become stronger without getting tired.
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Where are the Deltopids?
The deltoids are in the shoulders, they abduct from here
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Where are the Triceps?
The triceps are in the back of the upper arm. Triceps extend at the elbow
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Where are the Hamstrings?
The Hamstrings are in the back of the thighs. Hamstrings flex at the knee
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Where is the trapezius?
The trapezius is the muscle that joins the shoulders neck and back. The tripeps abduct at the shoulder
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Where is the Latissimus Dorsi?
The latissimus Dorsi is in the bottom of your back. This muscle abbducts at the arm.
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Where are the gluteals?
The gluteals are the muscles in your bottom. This muscle extends at the hip.
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Where are the pectorals?
The pectorals are located on in the chest. Theses abduct at the shoulder.
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Where are the quadriceps?
The quadriceps are in the front of the thigh. This extends at the knee
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Where are the Biceps?
The biceps are in the front of the upper arms. These muscles flex at the elbow
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Where are the Gastrocnemius?
The gastrocnemius are in the back of the lower legs. This muscles extends at the ankle
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Where are the Abdominals?
the abdominals are in the stomach. this stomach muscle flexes at the hip.
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what are tendons?
Tendons are the bones that attach muscle to bone
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What is a cardiac muscle?
This is a type of involuntary muscle as it cannot be controlled consciously but work automatically, it is found in the heart.
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What are involuntary muscles?
Involuntary muscles work automatically, and are controlled by the involuntary nervous system
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Muscle tone
This is the muscles' state of slight tension and readiness to work
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Posture
The way the muscles hold the body when still or in motion
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Fast twitch muscle firbres
Muscle fibres used in events requiring quick reactions and power
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Slow twitch muscle fibres
Muscle fibres required in endurance events
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Insertion
The point where a tendon attaches a muscle to bone where there is movement
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Origin
The end of a muscle this is attached to a flexed bone
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Prime mover
Contracting muscle, causing movement
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Antagonist
Relaxing muscle, allowing movement
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Isotonic contraction
Muscle contraction that results in limb movement
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isometric contraction
muscle contraction that results in increased tension, but the length does not alter
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RICE
Rest, Ice, Compression, Elevation
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Rehabilitate
Recovery from injury
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Hypertrophy
When muscle increases in size because of exercise
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Atrophy
When a muscle loses its size because of lack or exercise
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Strain
Pulled muscles as a results of overstretching
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

What are the voluntary muscles?

Back

The voluntary muscles are the muscles that bring about movement, they can be controlled and trained to become stronger without getting tired.

Card 3

Front

Where are the Deltopids?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

Where are the Triceps?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

Where are the Hamstrings?

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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