Mind, Body and Soul

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What are The Four Causes? (Aristotle)
The Material Cause, The Efficient Cause, The Final Cause and The Material Cause
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What is The Efficient Cause?
This is a cause which brings something into being - the way in which it was created. For example, a carpenter bringing a table into being.
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What is The Material Cause?
This is a substance from which a thing is made or created. All matter has the potential to change.
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What is The Formal Cause?
This is the closest to Plato's idea of Form. It is the characteristic of an object which makes it what it is - its form.The idea that led to somethings creation.
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Give an example of The Formal Cause
A sculptor having an idea about the sculpture he wants to make.
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What is The Final Cause?
It describes what something is for, it's purpose. E.g. a plate is made to eat from.
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What does Telos mean?
It's another word for purpose. The place where an object or perosn or supposed to end up or what theyre supposed to do.
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What does Aitia mean?
These are Aristotle's categories of types of matter
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What does Motus mean?
Aristotle's idea that the world was subject to change?
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What does empirical mean?
reaching conclusions through observation and experiment rather than theory.
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Explain The Four Causes using the example of a house.
The Material Cause - what it's made of (bricks etc), The Efficient Cause -
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Card 2

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What is The Efficient Cause?

Back

This is a cause which brings something into being - the way in which it was created. For example, a carpenter bringing a table into being.

Card 3

Front

What is The Material Cause?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

What is The Formal Cause?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

Give an example of The Formal Cause

Back

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