Life and Death


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  • Created by: AnnaG98
  • Created on: 04-03-16 12:04
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  • Life and Death (body and soul)
    • Key Words
      • Dualism - the belief that the mind and body are separate entity's
        • Plato
          • The soul is distinct from the body, the soul is immortal whilst the body is mortal.
          • The goal of the soul is the world of forms. Real knowledge of forms comes from the soul
          • The soul can'r be split  into parts but there are different aspects of the soul.
            • The different aspects of the soul are reason, spirit and desire.
          • Injustice comes from disharmony within the soul
        • Descartes
          • Our body is spatial but not conscious, while the mind is not spatial but is conscious.
      • Materialism - the belief that the mind and the body cannot be seperated
        • Aquinas
          • We are made up of two things a body (matter) and a soul or ‘psyche’ (the form), and (unlike Plato) the soul is an integral part of the body. You can’t have one without the other
      • Reincarnation - the soul (Atman) is literally re-clothed in new flesh to live again in a new body or outward form
      • Immortality of the soul - the the belief the soul belongs to the realm of the eternal and can exist after the death of the body
    • Aristotle
      • Aristotle’s view is that the primary activity of a living thing is its soul and the body is the matter that a living creature is made of
      • He likened body and soul to that of a marble statue. The matter is the marble, the form is the statue. The soul therefore gives form to the matter, or the body
      • His views cause confusion because he also suggested that it is possible that intellectual thought (the logos) could be separated from the soul and be eternal
    • John Hick
      • Replica Theory, the idea that there are exact replicas of those who have died in a non-physical world, or the 'resurrected world'
        • life after death is a duplicate, the replica is a copy of a person who dies on earth
      • He suggests that human beings are a unity of physical body and the mind or soul
        • rejects dualism  - accepts resurrection
          • Replica Theory, the idea that there are exact replicas of those who have died in a non-physical world, or the 'resurrected world'
            • life after death is a duplicate, the replica is a copy of a person who dies on earth
      • there has to be a continuity between original & afterlife
      • Richard Dawkins
        • Materialist View - no survival post - mortem, individual humans cannot survive death
        • the soul is nothing more than a mythological concept invented by 'primitive people'
        • the role of the body is to act as a survival machine for genes

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