Meat and Fish

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Name four types of meat...
Pork, beef, venison, lamb
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Name four types of poultry...
Turkey, duck, chicken, goose
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Name four types of offal...
Kidney, tripe, liver, tongue
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How do you marinate meat?
In lemon Jude, vinegar, wine, tomatoes
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How do you mechanically tenderise meat?
Using a mallet, chopping, finely mincing
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How do you tenderise the meat by ageing it?
Hanging it up
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How do you tenderise meat by using artificial substances?
Powdered concentrated enzymes
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What are the four ways to tenderise meat?
Marinating, mechanical, ageing, artificial substances
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What happens to proteins as meat is heated?
Some are destroyed and they change colour
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What happens to the connective tissue when meat is heated?
Changes to gelatine, become easier to digest as extractives are released
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What happens to meat if it is overcooked?
Becomes tough and indigestible
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What happens to meat when the protein reacts with the simple sugars when it is grilled, roasted or fried?
Non-enzymic browning
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What does non-enzymic browning result in?
Characteristic aroma, flavour and colour
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How does religion affect a Jews diet?
Do not eat shellfish or pork, do not eat dairy and meat in the same meal, only eat kosher meat
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How does religion affect a Hindus diet?
Do not eat beef or beef products
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How does religion affect a Sikhs diet?
Do not eat beef, some are vegetarian
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How does religion affect a Muslims diet?
Do not eat pork, only eat halal meat
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What are the three main types of fish?
White fish, oily fish, shellfish
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What are the two main types of white fish?
Round fish, flat fish
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What are the two main types of shellfish?
Crustaceans, molluscs
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Name six types of oily fish...
Herring, mackerel, trout, salmon, tuna, sardine
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Name four types of round fish...
Cod, haddock, coley, whiting
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Name four types of flat fish...
Plaice, turbot, halibut, sole
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Name four types of Crustaceans...
Crabs, lobsters, prawns, shrimps
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Name four types of molluscs...
Oysters, scallops, cockles, muscles
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What are the three methods of preserving fish?
Freezing, smoking, canning
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Why is the flesh of fish always tender?
There is no tough elastin
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What are the two methods in which fish can be cooked without coating?
Steamed, poached
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When does fish flesh start to coagulate?
60*c
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How has the government helped to sustain fish?
Cut back the number of days a year you can fish, given money to fish breeding farms
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

Name four types of poultry...

Back

Turkey, duck, chicken, goose

Card 3

Front

Name four types of offal...

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

How do you marinate meat?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

How do you mechanically tenderise meat?

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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