Mass Media: Social Construction of The News

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1. why does gate - keeping mean that the news is socially constructed?

  • editors, journalists and sometimes owners, make choices about what events are important enough to cover and how to cover them
  • people can only discuss and form opinions about things they have been informed about, and it is the mass media that provide information is most cases
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2. What is "Threshold"?

  • the bigger the size of the event the more likely it will be nationally reported
  • events that are easy to grasp are more likely to be reported

3. What is "continuity"?

  • once a story has achieved importance and is 'running' it will continue to be covered for some time
  • bad news is regarded by journalists as more exciting and dramatic than good news and is seen as attracting a bigger audience

4. What is "composition"?

  • most news outlets will attempt to balance excessive bad news or foreign news with some items of a more positive or local nature
  • unexpected, rare and surprising events have more newsworthiness than routine events because they are out of the ordinary

5. Why does agenda setting mean that the news is socially constructed?

  • people can only discuss and form opinions about things they have been informed about - mass media that provide this information
  • editors, journalists and sometimes owners, make choices about what events are important enough to cover and how to cover them

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