topic 3

social construction of the news
the idea that a few induviduals + groups control what stories are put into the news... the glasgow media group (GMG) have shown that the process of selecting what is included in the news isn't NEUTRAL.
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1. influence of owners (social construction of the news)
1) owners give direct instructions to journalists... 2) owners control resources that are available to cover news stories... 3) journalists depend on it for their jobs (self censorship)... 4 ) owners want to make profits + attract mass audiences
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2. making a profit (social construction of the news)
1) owners want a profit... 2) advertising to keep 'RATINGS' higher... 3) advertisers only interested in big audiences... 4) bagdikian- report on what wont offend advertisers 5) conservatism of media.. 6) 'infotainment'... 7) barnett+gaber-conformist
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3. globalisation, new technology + citizen journalism
1) news market= COMPETITIVE w/ media companies all over world... 2) media available 24/7... 3) new technology= more CITIZEN JOURNALISM... 4) bivens- citizen journalism means everything is available to public + they can shape news...
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4. organisational constraints (social construction of the news)
1) people use social media more for NEWS than mainstream news comp (eg 500 million tweets per day)... 2) jornalists + reporters have busy schedules bcos they have to keep updating their stories... 3) getting a NEW story rather than the QUALITY.
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5. agenda setting (social construction of the news) *
1) public discussion is based on peoples KNOWLEDGE: this is based on whats in media... 2) COHEN: news isn't successful in telling people *what* to think-successful telling people *what the think about*-MCCOMBS:successful telling people *how* to think
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6. agenda setting **
3) GMG: media companies + journalists stick to a framework (based on dominant ideology): this helps to form a list of topics to report on= audiences have no choice... 4) eco/org constraints on news mean some stories are more likely to be left out
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7. gatekeeping (social construction of the news)
1) media have power to REFUSE or ACCEPT to cover some issues... 2) GMG looked at bad news stories 1970s/80s: found own/journ acted as 'gatekeepers' deciding what info the public has access to... 3) some stories not covered bcos damaging to society
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8. norm-setting (social construction of the news)
the media set social norms & want everyone to conform to them... those who don't conform are isolated (achieved in 2 ways) 1) encouraging CONFORMIST behaviour... 2) discouraging NON-CONFORMIST behaviour
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

1) owners give direct instructions to journalists... 2) owners control resources that are available to cover news stories... 3) journalists depend on it for their jobs (self censorship)... 4 ) owners want to make profits + attract mass audiences

Back

1. influence of owners (social construction of the news)

Card 3

Front

1) owners want a profit... 2) advertising to keep 'RATINGS' higher... 3) advertisers only interested in big audiences... 4) bagdikian- report on what wont offend advertisers 5) conservatism of media.. 6) 'infotainment'... 7) barnett+gaber-conformist

Back

Preview of the back of card 3

Card 4

Front

1) news market= COMPETITIVE w/ media companies all over world... 2) media available 24/7... 3) new technology= more CITIZEN JOURNALISM... 4) bivens- citizen journalism means everything is available to public + they can shape news...

Back

Preview of the back of card 4

Card 5

Front

1) people use social media more for NEWS than mainstream news comp (eg 500 million tweets per day)... 2) jornalists + reporters have busy schedules bcos they have to keep updating their stories... 3) getting a NEW story rather than the QUALITY.

Back

Preview of the back of card 5
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