Issues facing Hindu women

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  • Created by: tutu8932
  • Created on: 03-05-16 10:22
Where is one of the most dangerous places to be a woman?
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In India where is the capital for sexual harassment, ****?
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What are some of the issues facing women in India?
****, acid attacks, sexual harrassment
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What is the reason for these crimes?
Sexual harrassment is passed off as harmless fun, women are still blamed for the acts of violence, respectable girls don't get *****. (stridharma)
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Why is India a patriarchal society?
*considered capable of earning money *carry on the family line *able to provide for aging parents *bring a wife (domestic helper) into the family *playing an important part in death rituals in Hinduism.
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Why are women regarded as a reliability?
*not considered capable of earning money * Helping with domestics when they are young but move out after marriage *Loss of money due to dowry
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Male children are considered more of a blessing than females, what is the blessing said at Hindu weddings?
"may you be blessed with a hundred sons"
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Who is given preferential treatment in Indian Households?
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How are females neglected?
Parents neglect a females emotional needs, physical and mental needs.
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What is a female taught to grow up believing and what scriptures encourage this belief?
Bringing up a female child to believe that her life is to serve others, especially the male members of the family and taking care of the household chores. The laws of Manu encourage submissive behaviour.
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Give an example of a quote from the laws of Manu encouraging this submissive behaviour?
"Men must make their women dependent day and night, and keep under their own control those who are attached to sensory objects. Her father guards her in childhood, her husband guards her in youth, and her sons guard her in old age. A woman is not fit
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When do females suffer discrimination?
Before birth, at birth, and throughout their lives
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What are the problems faced by females before birth?
Foeticide, abortion and female infanticide
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What is foeticide?
Female foeticide is the removal of healthy female foetus after 18 weeks of gestation from the mother uterus just because the child is female.
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How is Foeticide viewed in India?
Pre-Natal Diagnostic Techniques Act (PCPNDT) in 1994 to ban and punish prenatal sex screening and female foeticide, it is an arising problem in India and is due to "traditional thoughts".
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Why are they performed if illegal?
Pressure from in laws, husband and parents because of the status of a female in India (a burden)
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The view of abortion in India?
Being legal but used for the abortion of females, also causing many health risks to women who receive multiple abortions or illegal clinics.
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What is the statistic of women dying due to unsafe procedures of abortions?
a woman dies every two hours because she’s had an unsafe abortion
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What is female infanticide?
Female infanticide is the deliberate killing of girl babies. It is also described as gender-selective killing or "gendercide". (Similar words like 'gynocide' and 'femicide' are used to describe the killing of females of any age.)
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All three issues Abortion, foeticide and female infanticide are having a major impact on the male to female ratio which is?
the population ratio in India 2011 is 940 females per 1000 of males
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If a family believes a female is sick or again just unwanted what other worry may she have?
Becoming a Devadasi
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What is a Devadasi?
A temple dancer, married to a temple or God
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What is the status of a Devadasi?
They have no status, forced into prostitution,to dance all night and being ***** in the name of tradition. Girls that are not even old enough to understand the meaning of sex.
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Is Devadasi illegal?
Yes it was outlawed in 1988
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What does Devadasi mean?
a sanskrit word meaning servant of god
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What are some of the consequences of the reduced female population?
Trafficking, prostitution, child marriage, Increase in polyandry and maternal deaths and ill-health of women
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Why is child marriage an issue in India?
Due to Dowry families want to marry off their daughters as quickly as possible, 40% of child marriages happen in India.
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Is this act illegal?
Yes it is and is punishable with two years in prison or a 100,000Rs fine.
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What are some of the consequences of child marriage?
segregation from family and friends, lack of opportunities (education), enslavement (bonded labour), sexual exploitation, serious health risks are faced,
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How many girls are married off under the age of 18 a year?
10 million a year according to Unicef
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A mini example of the consequences of Child Brides?
Manu was married at the age of 10, finding her way to the northern city of Vrindavan at 37. Losing three children by this age and widowed, all the children died prematurely.
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What is Dowry?
In India, Dowry (Hindi: दहेज, Dahēj) refers to the durable goods, cash, and real or movable property that the bride's family gives to the bridegroom, his parents, or his relatives as a condition of the marriage.
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How does this effect females?
They are thought of as a burden due to this illegal requirement to get married.
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How many women suffer from dowry killings?
Official figures from India's National Crime Records Bureau reveal that 8,233 young women, many of them new brides, were killed in so-called 'dowry deaths' in 2012.
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Give an example of death due to dowry?
Pravartika Gupta
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Why was she killed?
She had been threatened by her in-laws because her family could not afford to speed up their schedule of payments.
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How was she killed?
burned to death in her bedroom as she slept with her one-year-old daughter.
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What is Sati?
Where women either voluntarly or are forced to commit suicide on her husbands funeral pyre.
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What is sati regarded as?
As the ultimate form of womanly devotion, ensuring spiritual rewards, giving the husband and wife moksha. (liberation from the cycle of samsara)
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If a woman out lives her husband what is she considered (also she is considered this if not able to give birth to male children)?
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What are the alternative reasons for a widow to practice sati?
The widow might bring disgrace to the family (remarrying), being a financial burden and the husbands thought of leaving his beautiful wife behind him
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How are widows treated? (Young or old)
They are ostracised from society, facing a life of loneliness, prevented from participating in religious festivals.
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There are over 40 million widows in India why do they vanish from main stream society?
Due to the dictation of religion," Widowhood is a state of social death, even among higher castes." (Mohini Giri)
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What are widows expected to do for the rest of their lives?
Mourn until their death, dress in white (leaving behind colourful saris and jewelry) and shave their heads.
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What does Manu Ghosh (age 85) say about her widowhood?
I have no one, I have lost everything. My children are gone, my parents are gone. My husband's family doesn't ask about me. They don't even know if I eat.
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Hinduism ritual impurity and females?
In the Hindu faith, menstruating women are traditionally considered ritually impure and given rules to follow.
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What are women not allowed to do during menstruation?
Go into the kitchen, or temples, unable to have sex
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How is the feminine divine worshipped in Hinduism?
Hindu traditions conceive God as androgynous (both female and male), alternatively as either male or female, while cherishing gender henotheism
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What does the laws of Manu say about the discrimination of women?
“The society that provides respect and dignity to women flourishes with nobility and prosperity. And a society that does not put women on such a high pedestal has to face miseries and failures regardless of how so much noble deeds they perform otherw
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In India where is the capital for sexual harassment, ****?



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What are some of the issues facing women in India?


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What is the reason for these crimes?


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Why is India a patriarchal society?


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