Information processing theory

HideShow resource information
Who proposed the information process theory?
Dudai 2011
1 of 14
What is the information processing theory?
Information is stored and retrieved piece by piece and moves amongst three memory stores during encoding, storage and retrieval
2 of 14
Outline the process
Sensory memory to working memory to long term memory
3 of 14
What are the purposes for each stage
hold sensory information, temporarily hold information and then relatively permanent storage of information
4 of 14
What helps encoding working memory into long term memory?
organising information
5 of 14
How can memory be encoded?
phonological (sound), visual (how info looks) and semantic (meaning of info)
6 of 14
What are three types of effortful encoding?
meaning, elaboration and mnemonic
7 of 14
What is meaning encoding?
we remember better when we understand the information
8 of 14
What is elaborating encoding?
More elaboration and personally relevant it is the better we remember
9 of 14
What is mnemonic encoding?
These are techniques used to increase meaningfulness
10 of 14
What are the three reasons for forgetting?
encoding failure, storage failure and retrieval failure
11 of 14
What does encoding failure mean?
You never learnt it in the first place
12 of 14
What does storage failure mean?
It is down to a biological problem
13 of 14
What does retrieval failure mean?
You learnt it and stored it but you cannot get it out of your brain
14 of 14

Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

What is the information processing theory?

Back

Information is stored and retrieved piece by piece and moves amongst three memory stores during encoding, storage and retrieval

Card 3

Front

Outline the process

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

What are the purposes for each stage

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

What helps encoding working memory into long term memory?

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
View more cards

Comments

No comments have yet been made

Similar Early Years Care and Education resources:

See all Early Years Care and Education resources »See all Educational pyschology resources »