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POTENTIAL EXAM
QUESTIONS
· To what extent was royal authority weak
in the period from 1540 to 1547?
· To what extent was Henry dominated by
factions in 1529-1547?
· Assess the view that Henry's foreign
policy between 1540 ­ 1547 was a costly
mistake.…read more

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REVISION POINTS
1. Role in Domestic Government
2. Factions (Seymour & Howard)
3. War with Scotland & France…read more

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KEY DATES
1542
War declared.
Solway Mass Victory in Scotland > James V dies > Baby Mary of Scot succeeds.
1543
Treaty of Greenwich with Scotland (Edward & Mary marriage)
Conservative Faction attempt to remove Cranmer, saved by Henry.
1544
Invasion of France & capture of Boulogne.
Act of Succession (Mary & Elizabeth to succeed Edward in case of no heir)
Reform Faction remove Gardiner after fall of Catherine Howard & faction strength.
1545
Rough wooing raids under Somerset.
1546
Treaty of Ardes with France.
France, Germany & Scotland become allies.
Henry's Final will made with Regency Council of 16 members.
Marriage to Catherine Parr ,conservative attempt to remove Catherine Parr, saved by Henry.
1547
· Henry VIII dies.…read more

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ROLE IN DOMESTIC GOVERNMENT
After fall of Wolsey & Cromwell, Henry acted as own minister.
Played Conservative factions against each other to work government,
healthy competition according to Revisionist Historians.
Government was central to & dominated by foreign policy.
Parliament granted selling of monastic lands, subsidies, debasement of
coinage to fund Scottish-French wars .
Factions had considerable influence over Henry's actions & decisions.
SIR DENNY,HEAD OF PRIVY CHAMBER,REFORM FACTION
-Tended to Henry in his dying days, used Royal stamps to approve of
legislation & influenced Henry's decisions with admittance of certain
people.
SIR PAGET, HENRY'S PRIVATE SECRETARY, REFORM FACTION
- Managed written material which reached the king, worked with…read more

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FACTIONALISM
SEYMOUR ­ REFORM
HOWARD ­ CONSERVATIVE
DUKE OF SOMERSET,ARCHBISHOP
DUKE OF NORFOLK & GARDINER CRANMER, SIR DENNY & PAGET
Accepted break from Rome Accepted the break, opportunity to
conserved Catholic doctrine,6 Articles reform Protestant Bible & prayer.
Act.
Fall of Catherine Howard, adultery,
Brought down Cromwell for...
th
th
Catherine Howard, 5 wife. Catherine Parr,6 wife, family of the
Seymours.
Attempted to remove Cranmer for
Heresy , saved by Henry, 1543. Plot against Gardiner for treason,
return of Pope, 1544.
Attempted to remove Catherine
Parr for Protestant sympathies, saved Duke of Norfolk arrested for
by Henry, 1546. treason,1546.
HENRY DIED NAMING MAJORITY REFORM FACTION MEMBERS IN REGENCY…read more

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