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Warbeck's conspiracy

A week later, Earl of Warwick found guilty of treason and executed.

Although Warwick was not dangerous himself, others plotted around him making him a threat.
Pressure from Spain also would have encouraged Henry to do this- Ferdinand and Isabella wanted to
make sure their daughter had a…

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It was not until 1506 that the persistent Yorkist claimants were, for the most part, eliminated.

Taming the Nobility and Befriending the Church

Henry's reign marks the end of the independent feudal nobility and the beginning of the service
nobility.

Henry deliberately kept the number of nobles small by limiting…

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Henry faced a dilemma because he could not allow retaining to continue because it might threaten his
position:

To ignore it would make him look weak and indecisive, but he dare not enforce retaining because it
might result in force and opposition. To ban it would be counterproductive because the…

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Henry's foreign policy

Political aims:

1. Maintain power.
2. Avoid war.
3. Gain allies.

Henry could not go to war because England was too politically and financially unstable. Gaining allies
would gain stability.

Henry's primary aim was to secure his dynasty. Dynastically, diplomatically and financially Henry was
vulnerable- as a…

Page 5

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England and Burgundy were commercial partners, with Burgundy being the main outlet of the sale of
English cloth (biggest export.)

Henry was a usurper of Margaret's families crown and so she made it her aim to destroy him. The
Burgundy core became a magnet for Yorkists trying to reclaim the…

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France and the Treaty of Etaples.

In retaliation to Henry's intervention with Brittany, the French supported the pretender Warbeck. As
a result, Henry went to war with France. He announced his intention to assert his claim to the French
Crown.

Henry then increased the taxes to finance his French invasion.…

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Scotland and the agreement of Ayton 1497 and 1502

Relations between England Scotland were always tense. England claimed over lord ship of Scotland,
so Scotland established an alliance with France ­ called the auld alliance. Which constantly worried
English kings. Henry was wary of this alliance, so he worked hard…

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Governance of England

Unlike former kings, like Edward VI, Henry liked paperwork and took the opportunity to stamp his
own authority on the governing of England. Unlike former kings he also had less nobility with only a
select few trusted advisors. All this gave the appearance of being new and…

Page 9

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Empson's promotion to president of this council signified the increasing ruthlessness in which bonds
and recognisances were misused to threaten the nobility- 1504.

The lead councillors were toppled after Henry's death because of their hated status. Ironically the
Council Learned had become, by 1509, the most important and efficient of…

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restricted. On his death in 1489, Henry ignored the claims for his title and instead instated
Earl of Surrey as his successor. As a southern landowner, Surrey was not influenced by the
North and was based purely on his ability and not his lineage.
This pattern was repeated after Jasper…

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