GENDER BIAS CONTROVERSIES

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  • Created by: jawjeener
  • Created on: 20-04-16 16:08
Freud's theory of psychosexual development
Displays alpha bias // Viewed femininity as failed masculinity
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Freud
Suggested gender/moral development occur in the phallic stage where oedipus/electra complexes are resolved
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Freud's case of Little Hans
Supported the idea of oedipus complex //
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Lacan
Disagreed // Argued penis envy is not to be taken literally // Symbol of how males are dominant and females are bitter of this
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Brown and Pedder
Also disagreed with Freud // Argued phallic stage is a time of rivalry between child and same sex parent
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Biological theories of stress
Display beta bias // Only male participants used to avoid hormones of menstrual cycle affecting
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Taylor et al
Females use 'tend or befriend' in response to stress
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Hare-Mustin & Maracek
Argued giving males & females equal treatment ignores women's legitimate needs
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Kohlberg's theory of moral development
Demonstrates beta bias due to ANDROCENTRISM // Only used male participants when looking at justice orientation
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Gilligan
Argued Kohlberg used a male view of the world and ignored the fact that males and females have different moral priorities
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Gilligan
Males use a justice orientation // Females use a care orientation to make moral judgements
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Walker
Used large sample of male & females and used real and hypothetical dilemmas // Found no sex differences in moral stage reached
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Feminist Psychologists
Present positive way of dealing with gender bias // ''REVERSE ALPHA BIAS''
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Reverse alpha bias
Develops theories to show gender differences BUT emphasise the value of women
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Lonner & Malpass
90% of psychologists were white, middle class males
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Paludi
Females are less likely to demonstrate natural behaviour in lab studies
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Eagly & Johnson
Found minimal differences in real life situations but significant differences in lab studies
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Hetherington
Psychology should use alternative methods
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Worrell
Gender biased can be reduced by using alternative methods
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

Suggested gender/moral development occur in the phallic stage where oedipus/electra complexes are resolved

Back

Freud

Card 3

Front

Supported the idea of oedipus complex //

Back

Preview of the back of card 3

Card 4

Front

Disagreed // Argued penis envy is not to be taken literally // Symbol of how males are dominant and females are bitter of this

Back

Preview of the back of card 4

Card 5

Front

Also disagreed with Freud // Argued phallic stage is a time of rivalry between child and same sex parent

Back

Preview of the back of card 5
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