Development Gap in Romania Case Study

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When did Romania become part of the EU?
2007
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In the UK and Romania, what is the GNI per capita?
UK- $38,000 Romania- $18,000
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What are the life expectancies in the UK and Romania?
UK- 81 years Romania- 74 years (7 years less than the UK)
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What is the HDI in the UK and Romania?
UK- 0.892 Romania- 0.785
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Why is Romania less economically developed?
>Communist history -few trade links >Economy didn't industrialise like Western European countries -most people still work in agriculture >Climate - hot, dry summers and unreliable rainfall can mean drought >Mountains -restricts communications & trade
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How is the EU trying to reduce inequalities?
>URBAN Community Initiative >Common Agricultural Policy >Structural Funds
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What is the URBAN Community Initiative?
Money is given to certain EU cities to reduce crime, create jobs, and increase the area of green space.
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What is the Common Agricultural Policy?
Farmers are paid (subsidised) to grow certain products. Also, when food prices are low, the EU buys produce and guarantees farmers a reasonable income. CAP also puts a high import tax on foreign produce so people are more likely to buy EU produce.
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What are Structural Funds?
These provide money for research and development, improving employment opportunities, reducing discrimination and improving transport links. The aim of the fund is to get all EU members to a similar level of development.
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Card 2

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In the UK and Romania, what is the GNI per capita?

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UK- $38,000 Romania- $18,000

Card 3

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What are the life expectancies in the UK and Romania?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

What is the HDI in the UK and Romania?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

Why is Romania less economically developed?

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