GCSE Geography case studies for population control

A set of notes for the case studies for population control

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Case Studies
Population Control Policies
Case Study Kerala in India
In Kerala they were experiencing high rapid population
growth which was putting pressure on limited resources.
Kerala's government put across the population control
policy, whereby
they improved education standards and taught that
girls must be treated as equals with boys.
They provided adult literacy classes, and educated
people to understand the benefits of smaller families.
They reduced infant mortality so that couples didn't
have to have so many children in the hope that some will
survive (improve healthcare).
Improved child health through vaccination
They provided free contraceptives and advice.
Encouraged a higher age of marriage.
Allowing maternity leave for the first two babies only.
Providing extra retirement benefits for those with smaller families.
Followed a land reform programme, whereby no family is allowed more than 8 hectors and
everyone could be selfsufficient.
Kerala is an ex ample of a `nonbirth control policy' because the focus was on educating the
girls, raising their attainment levels and career expectations.
Case study China's `one child' policy
China's population was increasing rapidly, it was predicted that there would be 1.8 billion Chinese
by 2025. This rapid population increase was putting pressure on resources and resulted in a famine,
so soon after the government decided to take serious action.
In 1979, the rules were
Must not marry until late 20s.
Must only have one successful pregnancy.
Must be sterilized after the first child or must abort any future pregnancies.
The benefits if people obeyed these rules were
Would receive a 5 to 10% salary rise for limiting their family to one child.
Would have priority housing, pension and family benefits which included free education for
the single child.
Those who disobeyed the policy
10% salary cut was enforced.
The fine imposed was so large it would bankrupt many households.
The family would have to pay for the education of both children and for healthcare for all the

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Second children born abroad are not penalized, but they are not allowed to become
Chinese citizens.
The problems of this policy were
Women forced to have late nine month pregnancies.
Women placed under tremendous pressure from their families, workmates, the `Granny
Police' and their own consciences and feelings.
Chinese society prefers sons over daughters. Some girls were placed in orphanages or
allowed to die (female infanticide) in the hope of having a son the second time round.…read more

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Acts as an entry point into the EU for refugees from Africa, which are usually trafficked by
smugglers. Some claim to be asylum seekers but really most of them are economic
migrants without EU entry papers.
Italy is next to the old communist countries of Eastern Europe with lower levels of
economic development.
Statistics for illegal immigrants into Italy
The main top 4 source countries in 2005 was Romania, Albania, Morocco and Ukraine.…read more

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Polish immigrants in the UK differ a lot to Indian immigrants, as many of the Poles will chose not to
settle in Britain permanently. This is because of the contracting job market and £ weakening
against other countries. Also many of the Poles come over to Britain to save up money for their
family back home where they plan to go back. Whereas Indian immigrants tend to stay in Britain
and have created a multicultural society in today's Britain.…read more

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Economic Gives the Polish worker an opportunity to get a higher paid job. This will
increase the family income.
Social They can send their children to English schools for free, so the children would be
Better standard of living on the UK, more modernized.
For the migrant and their family the disadvantages were
Economic They might be exploited made to work long hours.
The surrounding community may be prejudice towards them.
Social If migrant children can't speak English, this could cause isolation.…read more

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An eventual overspill and the need for quality housing meant that residents were relocated across
Greater Manchester and the crescents were demolished.
In their place modernized semi detached and detached housing estates with open areas were
made to meet the resident's needs that they originally asked for.
How successful has the Hulme regeneration been?
They were replaced by a mixture of different lowrise housing types.
Part of the area (Birley Fields) has been used for office and business development.…read more

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Putting in a £10 million investment into the transformation of the Blackpool illuminations
Create links to attractions like pleasure beach to shopping centres and the main town
Create diversity and promote luxury week holidays upgrading old and traditional B&B's into posh
and fine dining hotels.
Rapid Urbanisation in Developing Countries
Migrants are drawn to cities in massive numbers to take advantage of city life.
They build squatter settlements on any available land using any materials.…read more

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The city authorities have set aside £200 million to improve living conditions in 60 of the 600 favelas
within their boundary.
The authorities want to transform the favelas culturally and socially to integrate them as part of the
city. The plan includes
replacing wood buildings with larger brick built housing and has a yard of equal size.
widening selected streets, so emergency services and waste collection can gain access.…read more

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The Attractions
the range of plant and animal life living there giant tortoises, iguanas, refooted booby and over 300
different species of fish.…read more


Mr A Gibson

A tour through all the case studies you will need for migration, population policies and so on. A really great resource for your folders. I would recommend using these to make some flash/revision cards from.

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