Culture - Cross Cultural Differences/Hofstede

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1. Define Power Distance

  • The hierachical organisation of society
  • Extents to which members in society accepted that power is distributed equally
  • The need to leadership
  • The aim to gains as much power as possible in your company
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2. Define ecological fallacy

  • The ability to generalise cross-cultural research
  • Falsely extrapolating group-level findings to individual level of explanation
  • Wrongly attributing properties of individuals to cultures

3. What countries have the lowest levels of Power Distance?

  • Austria, Israel and Denmark
  • Switzerland, Jamaica and Chile
  • Malaysia, Guatamala and Panama
  • Japan, Ireland and Mexico

4. Which one of these are not Schwarz' critique of Hofstede?

  • Doesn't consider historical change
  • Reductionist
  • Adequacy of sample nations
  • Varaible being measured is a value whihc is culturally sensitive and subjective - but Hofsted counters this and claims surverys are only one of the methods used

5. What countries show the highest levels of Uncertainty Avoidance?

  • Greece, Portugal and Guatemala
  • USA, UK and Russia
  • Singapore, Jamaica, Denmark
  • France, Malaysia and New Zealand


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