Culture - Cross Cultural Differences/Hofstede

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1. Define ecological fallacy

  • Falsely extrapolating group-level findings to individual level of explanation
  • Wrongly attributing properties of individuals to cultures
  • The ability to generalise cross-cultural research
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Other questions in this quiz

2. What is the Acuquience bias?

  • The ability to make friends
  • A methodological problem that people in different cultures use response scales in different way`
  • Wrongly attributing properties of individuals to cultures

3. What are Hofstede's two main assumptions?

  • Cultures are not individuals and Acquiescence Bias
  • Cultures are social systems and you should measure using an idiographic approach
  • Communication and family socialisation

4. How many definitions of culture are there?

  • More than 164
  • More than 223
  • 20
  • 102

5. What is not a criticism of Cultural research?

  • The correspondance bias
  • Outdated - too old for coping with todays rapidly changing environment
  • Research tends to be from one discipline - would be a better foundation from multi-disciplinary approach (using sociology,psychology, economics and anthropology)
  • Political influences on Masculinity and Uncertaintity Avoidance - were sensitive to the timing of the survey as Europe was in the midst of a Cold War and recovering from WW2 and there was a communist insurgence in Asia, Africa and Europe


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