Clinical Psychology

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  • Created by: Lauren
  • Created on: 09-01-14 17:55
Clinical psychology key approaches
Medical model, cognitive behavioural, socio-cultural, diathesis stress
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Medical model
Mental disorder as a physical illness and should be treated the same, Martin et al (2010)
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DSM-IV definition
assumes people exhibit symptoms and can be categorised
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Issues with the DSM-IV
Langer and Abelson (1974), Meehal (1954), Wakefield et al (2007
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Cultural bounds of DSM
some syndromes only occur in certain cultures, Koro
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Demographic differences in diagnosing
higher amongst women, Comer (2007) - patterns exist generally and with reference to specific cultures
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Socio-cultural model
Comer (2007), Maracek and Hare Mustin (2009)
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Origins of the model
Rosenhan (1973), Berger and Luckmann (1966), Maracek and Hare Mustin (2009)
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Schizophrenia
DSM-IV lasts at least 6 months and at least 1 month of dellusions, hallucinations
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Biological factors
Genetic predisposition, brain abnormalities but Martin et al (2010) - both parents still 30% of less for baby
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Socio-cultural factors
Schiffman et al (2001, 2002) certain patterns of family functionning promote or sustain schizophrenia
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Cognitive behavioural approach
Martin et al (2010), Emmelkamp (1994)
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Treatments
systematic desensitization, aversoin therapy
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Diathesis-stress approach
Martin et al (2010)
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Cristofaro et al
2013 - traumatic experiences as a risk factor
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Elis et al
2013 - CBT is associated with maintenance of negative symptoms
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Yane et al
2013 - major life events and perfectionism influence accurance of depressive symptoms and daily hassles maintain these
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Card 2

Front

Mental disorder as a physical illness and should be treated the same, Martin et al (2010)

Back

Medical model

Card 3

Front

assumes people exhibit symptoms and can be categorised

Back

Preview of the back of card 3

Card 4

Front

Langer and Abelson (1974), Meehal (1954), Wakefield et al (2007

Back

Preview of the back of card 4

Card 5

Front

some syndromes only occur in certain cultures, Koro

Back

Preview of the back of card 5
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