Psychology In Context Term Two Keywords

  • Created by: PsycSaph
  • Created on: 03-04-19 18:42
Attitudes
learned behavioural predispositions (emotional responses)
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Affective component
feelings and emotional responses
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Achievement motivation
links personality with the degree of competitiveness shown by an individual
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Attribution theory
looks at the reason given by coaches and athletes to account for successes and failures
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Assertive behaviour
no harm, aggression strictly within the rules
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Behavioural component
behave or response
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Biophilia
humanity has evolved in concert with nature, developing preferences and avoidance for survival
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Cognitive component
beliefs and knowledge
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Cognitive dissonance
it is psychologically uncomfortable to hold contradictory cognitions
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Conservation psychology
concerned with the protection of natural flora and fauna through human behaviour change
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Clinical psychology
aims to reduce psychological distress and to enhance and promote psychological well-being
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Counselling
give the ‘client’ an opportunity to explore, discover and clarify ways of living more satisfyingly and resourcefully
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Context theories
focus on the importance of work itself, dealing with the specific needs that motivate and direct behaviour
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Ego oriented
measure their success on beating others and being ‘top’ competitor
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Ecopsychology
concerned with the relationship between humanity and the natural world, uses ecological and psychological principles
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Ergonomics
science which explores and investigates the interaction of humans with work environment and equipment
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Hostile aggression
harms an opponent and inflict injury
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Health psychology
the role of psychological factors when looking at the cause, progression and consequences of health and illness
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Health
a complete state of physical, mental and social well-being and not merely the absence of disease or infirmity
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Health behaviours
any activity people perform to maintain or improve their health regardless of perceived health status
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HPA axis
responds more slowly but lasts longer
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Halo effect
tendency to judge all aspects of a persons behaviour and character on a single attribution
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Illness behaviour
behaviour aimed at identifying illness or finding a remedy
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Learned helplessness
failure is inevitable, and the individual has no control
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Mastery oriented
strong motivation to achieve found in a high achiever
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Nach
Need to ACHieve
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Naf
Need to Avoid Failure
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Nature
exposure to an environment, fauna or flora which are considered to be ‘natural’
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Nature connection
the sensation of belonging to or wider natural community
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Occupational psychology
study of human behaviour and experience in the workplace
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Organizational commitment
degree of psychological identification with or attached to the company
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Prejudice
pre-judgement arising from an evaluation based in unfounded beliefs or opinions
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Perceived behaviour control
ability to perform behaviour based on internal and external control factors
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Primary appraisal
appraisal of outside world
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Process theories
deal with the cognitive processes we use in making decisions and choices about work
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Sick role behaviour
Behaviour aimed at getting well
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Stress
pressure, tension, emotional response etc.
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SAM system
initial rapid-acting stress response
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Secondary appraisal
appraisal of the self
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School
how psychologists believe human beings develop their view of the world they live in and how they cope with it
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Task oriented
measure their successes by their own achievement
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Well or wellness behaviours
Behaviour aimed at promoting/ maintaining good health
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

Affective component

Back

feelings and emotional responses

Card 3

Front

Achievement motivation

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

Attribution theory

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

Assertive behaviour

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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