British History 1851-1914

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What percentage of Britain's population was unemployed in 1886?
10
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When was Disraeli's 1st ministry?
February 1868-November 1868 (though Disraeli is still credited with the 1867 Reform Act)
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Direct effects of 1867 Reform Act
electorate increased from 1.2million - 2.5million (third of males) yet no women could vote and rural areas were over represented
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Who said that Disraeli's passing of the reform act was 'a policy of consistent opportunism'?
M. Cowling
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Who said that Disraeli's passing of the reform act was 'a leap in the dark'?
i don't know either
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1870 Education Act gave how many children an education?
2 million but they weren't compulsory and still controlled by CofE
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Which Acts were passed in 1871?
TRADE UNIONS ACT, CRIMINAL LAW AMENDMENT ACT, UNIVERSITIES TEST ACTS, LOCAL GOVERNMENT BOARD ACT
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Which Acts regarding Ireland were passed in Gladstone's 1st ministry?
1869 Disestablishment Irish Church, 1970 Land Act, 1870 Coercion/release Fenian prisoners Act
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Name one meritocratic Act from G'stone's 1st ministry
1869-1872 Cardwell Army Reforms, including civil service examinations
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Who did Gladstone annoy in his 1st ministry?
Basically everyone - Nonconformists, landed aristocracy, working class, temperance society, businessmen. women, CofE
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Who won 1881 General Election and by how many?
Gladstone and the Liberals with 54.7% vote. 1,836,423 votes, 352 seats
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Why did Disraeli not win 1881 election?
unpopular foreign policy actions, Gladstone's Midlothian tour was popular, economic problems (depression, 1879 bad harvest, unemployment)
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can i be bothered doing anymore?
can i ****
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How many tonnes of coal and iron were output from Britain 1865 and 1875?
98million coal, 10million steel - 130million coal, 15million steel
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Why was Britain so prosperous 1850s-1870s?
colonial power, population growth (30million), free trade, laissez-faire
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Causes of Depression
outdated technology, Overseas competition, tariff barriers, absence of entrepeneurial drive, railway boom end '75
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what percentage of the population were Middle Class?
25%
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what percentage of population lived in urban ares 1871?
65%
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average yearly wage 1851 compared to 1911
£20 -> £50
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Accfording to Booth's 1889 urvey, what percentage London were below his poverty line?
30%(!!!) primary: 8.5%
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what percentage of population lived in urban ares 1871?
65%
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average yearly wage 1851 compared to 1911
£20 -> £50
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Accfording to Booth's 1889 urvey, what percentage London were below his poverty line?
30%(!!!) primary: 8.5%, secondary: 22%
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What were New Model Unions?
1851 set up for qualified engineers
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What was the Trade Unions Congress?
1867-1869 set up. parliamentary committee became permanent institution campaigning for change for all unions
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What year were the Fenians set up?
1858
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Why did the 1867 fenian plot fail?
leaders in prison, spies infiltrating sympathisers. feb:plans leaked to gvt, march:bad weather
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What was the Home Government Association?
1870 Dublin by Isaac Butt. Peaceful, constitutional Irish independence
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What year did the HGA become the Home Rule League?
1873
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How did Gladstone deal with Ireland in hs 1st ministry?
1869 Disestablishjment Irish Church, 1870 Land Act, 1873 University BILL, 1870 coercion and release of Fenian prisoners
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Who was Charles Stuart Parnell
not sure atm
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Why were the Liberals weak?
Home Rule not popular, Boer war opinions 1900, N/C supporters distrust RC, Wealthy supporters Lib unionists, out of office, NLF hard to ignore (temperance and 1890 leader became ill, Rosebery disagreements and no party leader untill CB 1899
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Why were the Tories strong?
loads of reasons
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What were the three F's?
fair rent, fixity of tenure, free sale
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When did Gladstone fly the Hawarden kite?
December 1885
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Define socialism
a system under which the wealth of a country and the means of production are managed by the state
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What is the ILP?
Independant Labour Party in 1893 by Keir Hardy and Ramsay McDonald (made from LRC, union leaders and socialist groups)
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What was the Ilp called before 1900?
Labour Representation Committee
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Irish Land League?
1879 Fenian Michael Davitt
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Why were the Liberal Reforms/New Liberalism needed?
population increase and urbanisation, workhouses were horrible, poverty cannot be helped, education wasn't freely available and Gr&USA had more social policies, half men not fir for Boer war, 5million voters (poor)
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How many Liberals had seats in 1906?
401 under DLG and Churchill
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How many members of the ILP were there 1895 and 1900?
35-50k --> 11-13k
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How many Labour Mps were there in 1910?
40 in January and 42 in December (30 in 1906)
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Social Democratic Federation
1884 Henry Hyndman, marxist, thought TU too moderate and didn't know if revolution should be achieved through violence or politics
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Fabian Society?
1884 M/C intellectuals. clear and practical but no revolution just progressive taxation
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Socialist League
end 1884 William Morris, revolution but not sure. promote individualism and craftsmanship
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Why were Labour Party slow to develop?
ngh
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Why were Labour supported?
Liberals were dissapointing, TU successes, it's charismatic leaders eg Keir and Ramsay
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What year were Manchester Martyrs?
1867
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What year was Taff Vale Case and give some facts n figures
1900-1901. £23,000 compensation, support for labour
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How many Labour MPs 1900 - 1906?
2 --> 29
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Triple Alliance?
1914 miners, railworkers, transport workers
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Match girl strikes?
1888 Annie Bessant, 14 hour days. 1400 striked and a boycott
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Gas Workers Strike?
1889 Will Thorn and Ben Tillet formed Nat Union 20k members
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Three companies doing well
Clarks, Cadbury's Lever
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What Royal Commission was in 1885-1886?
Industry and Trade by Salisbury ruled that agricultural continued to fall since 1873, manufacturing supremacy was challenged by foreigners
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Bessborough Commission?
Enquire workings of 1870 land act but IN THE YEAR 1881, report decided 3 three F's
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1881 Land Act?
gave the three F's
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How many MPs supported HR 1874?
59
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Why is Bloody Balfour called this?
He supported the police when they shot at Mitchelstown protesters 1887
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Information on the 2nd HR bill?
Feb 1886 introduced HR bill, Lib party IMPLODES. Chamberlain and Lib Unionists vote with Tories. 313 FOR vs 343 AGAINST
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Few land war stats?
2590 incidents 1880, 67 murders 1879-1882, CAPTAIN BOYCOTT
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Which years were the Boer War?
1899-1902 (because 3-way Lib disagreement 1900)
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What year did Taff Vale end?
1901
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What effect did 1881 Land Act have on rents?
made them 20% lower (should have been called the LAD act)
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Who was Charles Stuart Parnell?
IPP leader 1878 (doing well since 72 Ballot Act) arrested 81, died 91, Lib&Tory want him 84 but he chooses Tory and central board
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How many had pensions by end of 1908?
just 596k (600k)
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What year were Labour Exchanges introduced?
1909 but they were ****
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What major Act was in 1911?
National Insurance Act. Unemployment and health
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Unemployment Act
7 shillings over 15 weeks. Not enough for family and 16th week? not enough for unemployment
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Health Insurance
sickness benefit 10 shillings, disability 5s, maternity 30s, but had to chip in so seen as tax
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

When was Disraeli's 1st ministry?

Back

February 1868-November 1868 (though Disraeli is still credited with the 1867 Reform Act)

Card 3

Front

Direct effects of 1867 Reform Act

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

Who said that Disraeli's passing of the reform act was 'a policy of consistent opportunism'?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

Who said that Disraeli's passing of the reform act was 'a leap in the dark'?

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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