Assessing Failure of the 2nd Crudade and impacts

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1. What impact did the failure of the Second Crusade have on relations between the West and the Crusaders states? Example

  • Potentially dangerous as they had a stronger force against them
  • Henry II of England refused to help, as did King of France
  • only the rich and nobility could afford to travel easy.shows selfishness
  • Louis VII and Conrad III set out to recapture Edessa
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2. How far was Bernard of Clairvaux responsible for failure? examples

  • dispute over decisions,allowed soldiers to get strung out,poorly disciplined army,
  • Louis made soldiers travel on foot across Byzantium to get to the Crusader States
  • growing idea of jihad need to remove them
  • Manuel did not request the 2nd crusade He did not want crusaders coming into his land

3. How important was muslim unity?

  • Ever since Zenghi got together army to recapture Edessa Muslims had grown in unity
  • Louis made soldiers travel on foot across Byzantium to get there
  • Conrad’s army consisted of friends and his foes.
  • they did on a promise all crusader states captured would be returned

4. How far was failure due to attempting to acheive too much? examples

  • crusader armies split went on different crusades
  • Promises never kept distrusted Louis VII,
  • Pope died on the spot from a heart-attack
  • only the rich and nobility could afford to travel easy

5. How far was Poor leadership responsible for failure? Examples

  • When they camped near Constantinople, on a flood plain, it flooded.
  • made sure people who went in boats had to pay a high price for it
  • Nur ad Din married Unur’s daughter
  • Last time, they did a promise on all crusader states captured

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