AQA A2 Psychology Unit 3 - Gender - Evolutionary Explainations

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  • Created by: Amy
  • Created on: 12-04-14 14:01

1. What does Andersson 1997 look at with Males aggression and it's link to evolution?

  • Males have a hunt, protect and competition lifestyle - They need size and strength
  • Males need to be intelligent to outwit their opponents in competition
  • Males need to be strong to be able to hunt
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2. This theory predicts that male activities require strength, how is this claim criticised?

  • Intelligence is a key factor to competition
  • Does not take into account female strength
  • The agility of the male is not taken into account
  • Women still have children, and carry also - Dual role

3. What does Shields state about how different genders evolve?

  • They evolve differently in order to survive
  • They evolve to take on their different gender roles

4. Why can the evolutionary theory not be generalised?

  • Research is only through observation
  • Research is through case studies only
  • Cannot explain social and biological factors

5. What is the Hunting Hypothesis by Morris?

  • Males have adapted to be faster and agile to be able to hunt (Navigation and awareness)
  • Males have adapted to be more intelligent so they are able to protect
  • Females have adapted to be more agile and faster so they are able to fulfil their gender roles

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