AQA A2 Psychology Unit 3 - Gender - Evolutionary Explainations

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  • Created by: Amy
  • Created on: 12-04-14 14:01

1. What is the Hunting Hypothesis by Morris?

  • Males have adapted to be faster and agile to be able to hunt (Navigation and awareness)
  • Males have adapted to be more intelligent so they are able to protect
  • Females have adapted to be more agile and faster so they are able to fulfil their gender roles
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2. This theory predicts that male activities require strength, how is this claim criticised?

  • Women still have children, and carry also - Dual role
  • The agility of the male is not taken into account
  • Does not take into account female strength
  • Intelligence is a key factor to competition

3. How does Holloway link Anderssons theory of size and strength to Animals?

  • Female chimps are 2x bigger than males
  • Males chimps are 1.3x bigger than females
  • Male chimps are 3x bigger than females

4. How is this theory Era Specific?

  • Society is different
  • Role of genders are changing, no longer linked to Women - Carer and Males - Hunter
  • Roles and genders have switched

5. What does Shields state about how different genders evolve?

  • They evolve differently in order to survive
  • They evolve to take on their different gender roles

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