- Fundamental Law (1906) created national parliament with the lower house (Duma) being elected, the upper house was also partially elected and partially nominated by the Tsar Nicholas II. Article 87 gave the Tsar the right to govern by decree, this meant that he could bypass the Duma and create laws.
- The Dumas- the first contained large numbers of deputies who wanted major reform, it was dissolved by the Tsar. The second contained reformers too so was replaced by the third. Now, only the wealthy could vote which excluded supporters of the reformers. From 1907 to 1912 there was little demand for reform. The 'Duma of Lords and Lackeys' did bring some successful reforms: plan…
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