To what extent did Russia undergo economic and political reform in the years 1906–14?

a mind map on how far there was political and economic reform during the period of Stolypin and the third and forth Dumas

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  • To what extent did Russia undergo economic and political reform in the years 1906–14?
    • political reform.
      • There was reform
        • although the 3rd and 4th  Dumas where not representative they did pass worth while reforms
          • plans to introduce universal primary education within 10 years
          • improvement mad to the army and navy
          • justices of peace replace land captains introduced by alexander III
          • health and accident insurance introduced for industrial workers
        • political parties became legal
          • they could influence peoples opinion through the media
      • there wasn't reform
        • the Tsar through Peter Stolypin reestablished political control
          • Stolypin had not minister of interior during revolution. regional governor where he was famous for stopping rebellion
          • 114 death warrents issued for extremists in response to 1200 government officials deaths
            • so many revolutionaries died nooses became known as stolypin's nickties
        • Stopped the spread of revolutionary activity
          • over  a thousand newspapers where closed
          • 600 trade unions closed
          • over 16,500 people sentenced with political crimes
        • the Dumas where never a truly parliamentary institution
          • although many wanted the Duma to become a truely parliamentary body royalist blocks stood in their way
          • who could vote was gradually reduced
          • First and second Dumas closed when they did what the Tsar disapproved of
    • economic
      • there was reform
        • wanted to modernise agriculture
          • to improve society in the countryside with more prosperous class of farmer
          • produce more food
            • production increased from 46 million tones in 1906 to 62 million in 1913
          • He did this by:
            • peasant land bank set up, for those who wanted to leave the commune
              • by 1905 20% peasants owned their own land by 1915 this figure doubled to 50%
            • freeing peasants from the control of the mir on 9th November 1906
            • new years day 1907 redemption payments stopped
            • gave financial incentive to set up new farms in Siberia
            • dissolved Mirs which had not redistributed land since the surfs where emancipated
      • there wasn't reform
        • the agricultural growth was stopped by world war one
        • little improvement in the cities
          • after  Stolypin's assassination there where many industrial strikes
            • from 1912-14 strikes and demonstations occured similar to that of 1905
              • this came to an end upon the outbreak of world war one


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