The workhouse

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  • the 'square plan' was devised by Sampson Kempthorn in 1835
  • this could accommodate 300-500 inmates, but often overcrowding occurred
  • he also designed the 200-Pauper for more rurual areas
  • it was thought the workhouse should be based on an eligibility clause
  • aimed to have an intimidating design and also to demoralise
  • there were two designs released: cruciform and the y-plan
  • this segregated families
  • the cruciform was in the shape of a cross, there were four outdoor yards (men/women/girls/boys). Two floors and a master bedroom in the centre
  • the y-plan had three yards (in the shape of a Y). Separated into men/women/children
  • less than the cruciform
  • paupers:
    - the ablebodied poor people went to work in a workhouse but in reality the people who went to the workhouse were sick/children/single women and poor
  • the workhouses had basic schooling until aged 10
  • the elderly were cared for until their death
  • vagents came and left regularly but deloused on their way in
  • more and more mental conditions increased.
  • the young people…


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