- 'Using clever, but often dishonest methods that decieve people so you can win power or control'. Deception is for the 'common good'
Virtue and Politics
- Emphasised glory
- Good men can sometimes lead to bad regimes
- Virtu = qualities that enable man to master fortuna
- Emphasised empiricism and realism. 'Real truth of the matter than imagination of it'.
- Starting from facts. and The end justifies the means
- Well-being + security of state outweighs other considerations
- 'Fiat Justifia, pereat mundus' ... = 'Let justice be done, even if the world would perish'.
- Machiavelli was a consequentialist
Prince: Vices and Virtues
- To be liberal, merciful, truthful
- Prasieworthy to act like this BUT may make you fail at being a ruler
Learning 'not to be good'
- 'Use that knowledge, or refrain from using it, as necessity requires'.
- 'Any man who is good all the time is bound to come to ruin'
- A prince who wants to keep his authority must learn not to be good.
Virtu: The Lion and the Fox
- Cicero: Wrong may be done by force or by fraud. Both these ways are bestial (Not actions of real man)
- Force - Typifies Lion and Fraud - Typifies Fox
- Two ways of acting - Prince must resort to 2nd and…