Machiavelli (1)

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  • Machiavelli
    • Machiavellianism
      • 'Using clever but dishonest methods to deceive people so you can win power or control'.
      • He does advocate deception and manipulation but for the common good
    • Virtue and Politics
      • Emphasis on glory
      • Good men lead (sometimes) to bad regimes
      • Virtu: qualities that enable man to access fortuna (fortune)
      • Politics should manage disharmony
    • Fortuna
      • Part of our destiny is not in our control but some is thus its worth taking action
    • Method
      • He emphasised empiricism and realism
      • 'The end justifies the means'.
      • Machiavelli was a consequentialist
      • The well-being, security and stability of the state outweighs other considerations
    • The Prince: Virtues and Vices
      • Humanist Understanding of Princely Vitrues: be liberal, merciful, truthful
      • Machiavelli: In acting like this a ruler may in fact fail in his highest goals
    • Learning 'not to be good'.
      • 'Any man who is good all the time is bound to come to ruin'.
      • A prince who wants to keep his authority must learn how 'not to be good'.
    • The Lion and the Fox
      • Cicero: Wrong may be done by force or fraud. Both these ways of 'wrong-doing' are bestial
      • Force - Lion
        • Fraud - Fox
      • The fox will discover the snares
      • The lion will terrify the wolves


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