Geography- Benefits and Costs of Migration

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Benefits

Costs

Host country

· Fills skill gaps and shortages in the labour market, doing jobs that locals often do not want to do.

· Reduces wage inflation, as labour supply equals demand.

· Economic growth, as migrants are also consumers.

· Migrants can open new markets, e.g. demand for ethnic foods.

· Can be seen as a good, cheap source of labour.

· Adds to cultural diversity.

· Migrants can bring new ideas to the country.

· Reduces wages for domestic workers and often take locals jobs, or cause wages to be reduced on average.

· Low-skilled migrants may not be very productive as they need training.

· Some migrants may be a burden on the state (education, health, and housing), may be a need for translators that services cannot afford.

· Demand for resources,

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