AS Geography: Spanish Migration

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  • Created on: 30-03-13 11:19
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SPAIN
1 in 10 British retirees live abroad.
Has the largest contingent of foreign retirees in Europe; the most popular destination for
`leisure orientated senior migration'.
PUSH
Climate ­ cold winters and wet summers
Antipathy to the UK- Cost of living is higher (spiralling house prices and high taxation) as well
as a faster pace of life.
Crime and youth culture perceived as threatening, especially towards the elderly. There is
declining respect and a sense that the UK has `gone to the dogs'.
Lack of space, congestion and poor environmental quality.
PULL
Hot and dry summers and mild winters e.g. Costa Blanca has 320 days of sunshine per year.
Many older people find this milder climate more favourable to their health and they can cope
with the slower pace of life.
Lower cost of living, for most of the past 30 years there has been a good exchange rate
which has enabled Britons to buy property relatively cheaply.
Very cheap to fly home and improved technology e.g. Skype has allowed communication
with relatives back in the UK.
Social advantages for people from similar cultural backgrounds to cluster together in `ghetto'
enclaves.
THERE IS AN EASE OF MIGRATION, SINCE SPAIN BECAME A MEMBER OF THE EU IN 1986, AND THE
SINGLE EUROPEAN MOVEMENT ACT ENABLED FREE MOVEMENT OF PEOPLE BETWEEN THE
MEMBER STATES, THE PULL FACTORS HAVE PROVED IRRESISTABLE TO MANY.
SOURCE CONTRY (UK)
COSTS
Family break up as grandparents move away ­ potential loss of child care.
Loss of a highly experienced workforce and community and voluntary workers.
The `grey pound' is spent overseas.
BENEFITS
Emigration balances increased immigration, reducing net migration rates.
Less of a strain on economically active as the taxation burden reduces; some health and care
problems are effectively exported.
Relieves pressure for new homes and therefore to build on greenfield sites.

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HOST COUNTRY (SPAIN)
COSTS
Emigrant `ghettos' are created with little social and cultural…read more

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