Cold War International Relations Timeline!

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  • Created by: HopeEilis
  • Created on: 02-06-17 10:23

Decade 

Who was the Leader at the time? 

Events that Impacted relations 

How did these events change relations? 

1940s 

Britain: Churchill (1940-1945) 

              Attlee (1945-1951) 

USA:  Roosevelt (1933- 1945) 

           Truman (1945-1953) 

Soviet: Stalin (1922- 1952) 

The Teheran Conference (November 1943)

·         They agreed that the Soviet Union could have a ‘sphere of influence’

·         However, they disagreed about the amount that Germany should pay as reparations

·         Also, Churchill and Roosevelt wanted to rebuild Germany

Teheran Conference (1943) 

·         Roosevelt and Stalin were close, but Churchill didn’t trust Stalin. 

·         The Western Allies wanted lower reparations as they remembered how detrimental the Treaty of Versailles was.

·         However, Stalin wanted to punish Germany for all the damage and life that was lost in Russia

The Yalta Conference (February 1945)

·         The agreed that Germany and Berlin would be divided into four zones

·         They also agreed that the countries of Eastern Europe would be allowed to hold free elections to decide how they would be governed

·         The USSR would join the war against Japan

·         There were not many disagreements at all, except how big the sectors would be.

The Yalta Conference (February 1945) 

·         Relations grew better as they agreed on most things they discussed.

The Potsdam Conference (July-August 1945)

·         They agreed that the Nazi Party would be banned and the frontiers of Poland

·         They disagreed about reparations: Stalin wanted more in reparations than the Western Allies did. Also, Stalin had set up a Communist Government in Poland

·         One tension was that the USA tested an atomic bomb without notifying Stalin.

The Potsdam Conference (July-August 1945) 

  • Tensions grew worse because neither Truman nor Attlee trusted Stalin 
  • Also, Truman had tested an atomic bomb without notifying Stalin which made him feel excluded and under attack. 

Truman Doctrine (March 1947)

·         The aim of the Doctrine was to contain Communism, but not push it back. This was called containment

  • With the doctrine, Truman established that the United States would provide political, military and economic assistance to all democratic nations under threat. 

The Truman Doctrine (March 1947) 

  • This made Stalin think that the USA were personally attacking Communism so worsened relations 

The Marshall Plan (June 1947)

·         The aim was also to contain Communism, but also to help the Economies of Europe to recover

The Marshall Plan (June 1947) 

  • Stalin refused to allow Eastern European countries to receive Marshall aid, contributing to their poor living standards even further. This worsened relations. 

Cominform (October 1947)

·         In 1947, Stalin set up Cominform. It was an alliance of Communist Countries and a response to the Marshall Plan

·         Its aim was to spread Communist ideas and remove the opposition. 

Cominform (October 1947) 

  • This slightly worsened relations because its aim was to spread communist ideas and the USA were trying to contain that 

Comecon (January 1949) 

  • This was a response to Marshall Aid. 
  • It would minimise American influence in Eastern

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