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Page 1

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President Year Event

1800s Jim Crow laws passed, enforcing segregation

1896 Plessy v. Ferguson case ends in Supreme Court ruled segregation
constitutional as long as conditions separate but equal

1909 National Association for the Advancement of Coloured People (NAACP)
founded- aimed for equality of rights and elimination of racial hatred…

Page 2

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President Year Event
Harry 1945 February- Yalta conference- USA + USSR (led by Roosevelt and Stalin)
couldnt agree on Germanys fate, though some agreements. Stalin refused to
remove Soviet troops from Eastern Europe

July- Potsdam conference- Truman didnt value USSR alliance so began by
telling Stalin of testing…

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President Year Event

1948 Marshall Plan to help rebuild European economies as Truman convinced that
Communism thrived in places of poverty + hardship - gave more than $14
billion. Worsened Cold War rivalry as Stalin didnt let Eastern European
countries accept aid

Alger Hiss (worker in a peace organisation) accused…

Page 4

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Dwight 1954 Eisenhower passed Communist Control Act (limited partys rights and made it
harder to join) to stem Communist threat. He also set up a Federal Loyalty
(1954-61) Program (similar to Trumans FELP)

McCarthy criticised army and investigations were televised public saw he
was unpatriotic…

Page 5

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President Year Event

1957 Eisenhowers Civil Rights Act emphasised equal voting rights and allowed
prosecution of anyone who prevented a US citizen from voting. First CRA in
almost a century.

Carloads of KKK members violently intimidate black residents of Montgomery.
Some integrated buses shot at, 4 churches bombed, Kings home…

Page 6

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1960 4 black students held sit-in at Greensboros Woolworths branch. Werent
served so remained until shop closed. More students joined them (27 on 2nd
day, 300 on 5th day) and endured violence without retaliating. Some
concessions made, but after protests resumed, some arrested for trespass
all Greensboro…

Page 7

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1962 Protests in Albany to end segregation. Hundreds of freedom riders and MLK
arrested. An overall failure as segregation wasnt ended

Voter Education Project (VEP) set up, staffed by SNCC members, to show
eligible voters how to vote and pass unfair literacy tests (with questions such as…

Page 8

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Lyndon B 1963 Equal Pay Act
Eleanor Roosevelts commission (investigating womens status at work)
reported inequality (e.g. Only 7% of doctors female)

April- SCLC begin Project C (Confrontation) to try and gain publicity through
marches/demonstrations and desegregate Birmingham (esp. lunch counters)
as all public places…

Page 9

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President Year Event

1964 Malcolm X left Nation of Islam after visit to Mecca changed his views, and set
up Muslim Mosque Inc. and Organization of Afro-American Unity, aiming to
promote closer ties between Africans and African-Americans and end
discrimination. Believed Islam could lead to end of racial problems


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President Year Event

1966 Black Panther Party for Self Defence founded by Huey Newton and Bobby
Seale, aiming for freedom, equality, full employment, education, etc. as shown
in 10 point programme

NOW took cases to court- very successful and secured millions in backpay
(=payment for work done in the past…


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