Abu Hureyra

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  • Created by: Emily
  • Created on: 06-06-11 19:03

Abu Hureyra

  • It is a 28 acre tell (small hill) over looking the Euphrates floodplain.
  • It is an example of rescue archaeology-it now lies under Lake Assad due to the Tabqa Dam on the Euphrates. 
  • It is one of the earliest agricultural settlements in the world.
  • Originally it was a small village of simple pit dwellings where they lived off game and wild plants.
  • In 9,500BC only a few families lived here, but by 8,000BC 300-400 people lived here.
  • Flotation tanks were used to acquire large samples of charred seeds and fruits as well as large samples of cereal grains and other seeds from the start of farming
    • 712 seed samples were found each of which contain as many as 500 seeds from over 150 different taxa, all of which are edible.
  • It is in a good location because below was the moist Euphrates floodplain and there was also a grassland steppe. 
  • Fruit stones and seeds of the hackberry tree, plum and medlar in the village were found. Pistachio fruit has also been found.
  • In moist spring and early summers it is thought…


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