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Ethnicity and Resistance to Control
The archaeology of inequality is the study of how people have exercised economic and social
power over others, of the focus of this is the study of ideology of domination. Resistance to control
is indicated by artefacts, stratigraphy, art and iconography and monuments. For example:…

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ART AND ICONOGRAPHY

Abu Simbel / Tutankhamun
o Ramassess II and his wife Nefatiti
o The temples feature enemies being enslaves with chains
o Most likely subSaharan Africans
o Tutankhamun had a walking stick with a handle of a black African and Asian man
o Their position as the handle…

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ARTEFACTUAL EVIDENCE

Based on the idea of finding clear concentrations in a delineable area of a site, these can
then be used to indicate the location on site of individuals of different status. Artefacts
suggest status as they provide evidence for exchange and transport, often over a long
distance and…

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o This suggests that status is not easily identifiable in the archaeological record as the
are social connotations to the society involved in the burial
o Status may also be identified through tattoos, clothing or tribal scars
o Exceptional preservation conditions would be needed for these to survive (e.g. Otzi)…

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o Represent a development in the practise of sacrifice
o The lifesize warriors take the place of the real army

SETTLEMENT EVIDENCE

The relative size of a settlement is used to infer the important with the largest thought to be the
most influential. If settlements are all of a similar…

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o Hathor is depicted suggesting divine approval
o Narmer is featured multiple times
o Narmer is always larger than other figures ­symbolic of his higher status and rank
o At one point he features in a procession wearing the Red Crown of Lower Egypt
o He holds a flail in…

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Power and Social Control
ORGANISATION OF LABOUR

Power is the ability to make others do what you want, in can be inferred from status or
evidence of social control. Both can be suggested or inferred but not proved, from the
apparent organisation of labour and energy expenditure for large communal…

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Danebury
o 20xs the storage capacity of a farmstead
o Suggests Danebury was a redistribution centre
o Nearby farms may have brought a tithe of their products
o Raw materials and manufactured goods were then redistributed to the farmers
o 2,400 storage pits found so far
o 4 and 6…

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o Security/boundary
o Statement of prosperity or prestige project
o 5 years after Hadrian's death the wall was abandoned
o Roman's moved further north, built the Antonnie wall
o Reoccupied Hadrian's wall from 160AD ­archaeological evidence only indicated the
function from this point onward ­LIMITATION

WARFARE

Thomas Hobbes suggested that…

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o 400 to 800 AD
o Bonampak was ruled by King Yajaw Chan Muwaan
o It was overseen by the King Yaxchilan
o Wall murals on the chapel in Bonampak depict Mayan warfare
o In room 1 musicians and dancers are depicted
o Symbolism: one dancer is an alligator and…

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