Case studies for gender, age and domination

Case studies include Venus figurines, Moundville, Boudicca, Abu simbel, Tutankhamun, and Tel el-Amarna

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  • Created on: 28-03-14 20:58
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Artistic Evidence of Gender: Venus Figurines
Same time as Palaeolithic cave art
Portable forms of art
Carvings of the female form
Across Europe
Many look like pregnant women
Most are reasonably similar in style and character
Rare on each site but found widely throughout Europe
Associated with hearths and found within structures thought to be dwellings
Variety of materials: baked clay, mammoth ivory and limestone
Strong emphasis in proportion on the breasts, hips and buttocks
Lack of detail on the limbs and head
Some found in the back of caves, storage pits and dumps of rubbish
Some seem to depict clothing like belts, hats and hair nets
Palaeolithic hair styles
Interpreted as "mother goddess deities" "fertility symbols" "primitive pornography"
"representations of women during childbirth" or as "symbolic femininity"
May have had multiple functions
Possibly had different meanings for different places
Important evidence for women at a time when almost all burials found are male
Social Analysis of Age and Status: Moundville
Black Warrior river, west Alabama
20 mounds covering 150 ha
Chronology established by serration study of pottery found as grave goods
Crosschecked with excavated ceramics from known stratigraphic layers and regional
settlement patterns
Over 3000 burials
2053 were in a cluster analysis
Mississippian culture
The closer an individual was buried to a mount the more important they were
7 burials in central mounts were found with copper axe grave goods
43 mound and nonmound burials with bear teeth and stone discs
67 mound and nonmound burials with shell beads
221 non mound burials with effigy vessels
50 non mound burials with bone awls
1256 non mound burials with no grave goods ­may have been organics but none remain
Ideology of Domination: Boudicca
Led the Iceni tribes against the Romans

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Despite being a woman she adopted the role of warrior/war leader
Kept Iceni believes and rejected Roman believes
Colchester, London and St Auburns were burnt down in the rebellion
Clear stratigraphic record of the fires
Tacitus and Annals written 100AD
Ideology of Domination: Abu Simbel
Ramassess II and his wife Nefatiti
Temples feature enemies being enslaved
Chains and whips
Most likely subSaharan African
Ideology of Domination: Tutankhamun
Walking stick with a handle representing subSaharan African and Asian populations
Symbolic significance
Chest depicting Tutankhamun…read more


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