La Cote de ST brelade
Neanderthals - 25,000 to 35,000 YA
- Mammoth bones and teeth
- Wooly rhino bones and teeth
- Over 1100 flint tools
- Human Teeth
- Signs of butchery because of cut marks to the bones
- Human teeth can help us dictate what they might of eaten (plaque residue)
- A large concentration of meat would have been obtained on this site which means it could've been preserved, an ideal place for this would be the cave.
- A high concentration of the bones were found at the base of a cliff (indicates the hunting technique driving)
- This would require social skills and organisiation therefore local tribes may have gathered in this area and organised the drive as a group effort.
El sidron (Cave system)
Neanderthals - 49,000 YA - Cannibalism site
3 Female and 3 male adult skeletons, 3 children aged from 2-9
Bones were disarticulated
Bones were smashed to get to the marrow
Skulls were smashed to get to the brains and tongue
Disturbed site because of sink hole that opened up underneath the "rock shelter"
Bones were washed into the cave system of "El Sidron"
No evidence of fire but this could have been down to the sites disturbance
Neanderthal - 65,000-35,000 YA Flower Burial
8 adult and 2 infant Neanderthal skeletons
1 burial had pollen remains which indicates flowers were put on the grave
1 adult male skeleton was servilely deformed (amputated right arm, blind in left eye)
The deformed male lived until he was 40 this shows that Neanderthals were caring as he wouldn't have been able to care for himself efficiently with his wounds, this shows cognitive behaviour and evidence of caring for elders, it has been recorded in prehistoric times that people with deformities were seen as wise people and maybe even touched by the gods.