- Created by: Q_
- Created on: 07-04-19 11:15
- Focuses on institutions in a political system and the process within them.
- Suggests that political outcomes are largely determined by the formal structures and processes laid out within a political system.
- Relevant when comparing legislatures, executives, judiciaries, constitutions, electoral systems, political parties and pressure groups.
- For example, the structural differences between the US and UK constitutions, being codified and uncodified, lead to difference of outcome.
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- Focuses on individuals within a political system.
- Suggests that an individual acts rationally, choosing to act in a particular way out of self-interest, as a way to give them a beneficial outcome.
- Relevant when comparing legislatures, members of the executive branch, voters, political parties and pressure groups.
- For example, the different choices made by te affluent and the poor when voting in elections - each attempting to achieve their desired policy goals.
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- Focuses on shared ideas within a political system or group.
- Suggests that these shared ideas, beliefs and values of a group within society often determine the actions of that group.
- Culture tells us who we are collectively, what is important to us, and how we should behave.
- For example, the different relationships between the state and organised religion in the USA comnpared with the UK being accounted for by the cultural history of each nation.
- (Tip: look at freedom of speech/religion amendment, and at the % of voting for each party based on religion).
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