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Approaches of Global Politics Unit 3D
State Centric:

State centric study was seen to be giving an incomplete picture of the way the world works or
was ignoring other actors of influence.

The Montevideo Convention on the Rights and Duties of a state were defined as: possessing a
defend territory;…

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Approaches of Global Politics Unit 3D
- Conflict is only constrained by a balance of power, in a system of self-help. According to
Hadley, war is only adverted, it can never be avoided.
However, international anarchy has been challenged since 1945 with a framework of global
The UN, IMF,…

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Approaches of Global Politics Unit 3D
Westphalia and the Birth of the Sovereign State:

The Westphalian system of sovereign states was established in 1648 as part of the Peace of
Westphalia. There were three core points to the treaty:

· The principle of state sovereignty;
· The principle of (legal)…

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Approaches of Global Politics Unit 3D
Global Theories:

Believe that the world is anarchic and should not be viewed from a position of idealism.
Compared to Liberals, they view the world in a rule based system and critical theorists see IR
through the prism of neo-colonialism.

Case Study 1: Britain…

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Approaches of Global Politics Unit 3D
Power is both built on tangible and intangible attributes. Power leads to influence and helps a
country win international contests. Power is also used, often by diplomats, to compare countries.
Lastly, power is relative, not absolute. We can only say that the USA is…

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Approaches of Global Politics Unit 3D
power to set the rules and enforce peace by the export of its idealogical culture and the
strength of its military might (Wohliforth). They base this view on two assumptions:
1. the unipole will guarantee the global status quo
2. no state will balance…

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Approaches of Global Politics Unit 3D
other see it.
e.g. the "Democratic Peace Thesis"
*No two democracies have gone to war with one another
* Democracies are more likely to fight wars with non-democracies;
*'Hotly departed", but factually true... A real problem for "neorealism" since it should not


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Approaches of Global Politics Unit 3D
possible based upon a collective security and respect for international law.
Neo-liberals argue states can all achieve absolute gains in this rule based world and the
need for great power competition is diminished.

Assessing liberalism in international relations:
The surge of democratisation after the…

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Approaches of Global Politics Unit 3D
Radical Theory of International Relations:
- Hard to define as there are a number of theories that can be described as `critical' or `radical';
- Largely these theories critique the two main theoretical analyses and mostly come from
Marxists or those who are left…

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Approaches of Global Politics Unit 3D
is a social construct. Alexander Wendt argues states may be the primary unit of analysis but
states and their interests should be taken for granted. The key structures of the state-system are
`inter-subjective' rather than material in that states can act on the basis…




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