- 1991 longitudanal study
- 1,000 children from 10 different locations
- assessed at regular intervals
- parent asked to fill out questionaire about child
- found that the more time spent in day care correlated with the adults rating the children as aggressive, disobident and assertive
- full time day care were 3 times more likely to be the above 3
- 2003 european longitudnal study
- children aged 3-7
- taking into account the childrens backgrounds
- found that children who spent longer in day care were rated as showing more evidence of anti-social behaviour - rated by teachers
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- NICHD - Sarah Friedman stated that results from the study also showed that 85% of children who spent 10 - 30 hours in day care did not show higher levels of aggresion.
- Lack of causal relationship - cause and effect cannot be established due to IV not being directly manpiulated, can only show a link between aggresion and day care.
- Other factors may affect aggression - such as mother sensitivity or a higher maternal education. Research ahas suggested that impact on a childs aggresion are more strongly affected by factors at home than day care.
- Natural experiment allows psychologists to study real problems in a natural setting.
- Participants are aware of study so participant effects, investigator effects and demand characteristics may occur.
- Questionaires - answers may not be truthful, parents may not wish to admit that their child is aggresive or may answer according to social desirability.
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Peer Relations AO1
- Secure attachments linked with better peer relations
- Minnesota longitudnal study 2005
- found infants who were sercurely attached became more popular
- However children in day care are more likely to be insercurely attached
- Belsky & Rovine 1988
- 20 hours + of day care
- children were more likely to be insercurely attached compared with children at home
- Alison Clarke - Stewart 1994
- 150 children
- children were consistently more advanced in their social development than children who stayed at home.
- Fields 1991
- Number of hours spent in day care correlated with the number of friends they had.
- Creps and Vernon- Feagans 1999
- found that children who started day care before the age of 6 months were actually more sociable then those who started later on
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Quality of Care
- good staff to child ratio
- minimal staff turnover
- suitable substitue emotional care provided
- children deal with day care differently
Lack of commitment and interest
- parents have a greater interest in their childs well being than the staff
Childs age and number of hours
- negative effects occur when child is below 6 months
- longer time spent = aggresive behaviour
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