PSYA3 Effects of Early Experience on Relationships AQA

A2 Psychology, effects of childhood adolescent experiences-relationships with piers.


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1) Horizontal Relationships

What are 'horizontal relationships? And what do they help young children to develop? 

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1) Answers

Relationships between people of equal knowledge and power. E.g, piers, friends.

Helps young children to practice 'social competence, relationship skills and abilities.

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2)Attachment Types in Young Children & studies-SEC

What are the major characteristics of secure children in terms of interaction with peers? 

What are some studies into secure children? 

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2) Answers

  • Secure=More confident in interaction with friends
  • Waters et al- 'secure children go on to be more socially skilled in friendship than insecures.
  • Hartup et al- 'secure children more popular at nursery school, engage in more social interaction with others.
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3) Attachment Types in Young Children & studies-IN

What are the major characteristics of insecure children in terms of interaction with peers? 

What are some studies into insecure children? 

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3) Answers

  • Sroufe & Fleeson-Insecure children are more reliant on teachers for interaction and emotional support.
  • Hartup et al- Insecure Ambivalants struggle more with peers. 
  • Lyons-Ruth et al- attachment types at 15months is the best predictor of problematic relationships with peers in 5 year olds. 
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4) Attachment Types in Adolescent Sexual Relations

Outline 2 studies into attachment types in adolescent relationships.

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4) Answers

Moore: study using 100 14-15 year olds.  

Measured adult attachments in adult attachment interview, asked a close friend to rate their behaviour for social acceptability.

Findings: Secure Attachments: less likely to engage in risky sex, more like to have had it. Secure attachments help set up teens to handle the transition to adult relationships.

Feeney & Noller: Examined the link between attachments and relationship breakdown on 193 students.

Insecure Avoidants: More likely to split up.

Attachment types change as relationships change from casual to commited.

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