- Health - State of physical, social and mental well being, not merely the absence of disease or illness.
- Fitness - The ability to meet the demands of the environment.
- Exercise - Is a form of physical activity done primarily to improve health and physical fitness.
- Performance - How well a task is completed
- Mental well being - Feeling good about yourself. Being able to deal with stress and emotions.
- Social well being - Being able to make friends, improving leadership and teamwork
- Physical well being - Increase muscles, loose body fat, increase ability in sport and be more attractive. :) (<---by taking part in Physical activity)
Health related fitness (5HRF) linked to body.
- Cardiovascular fitness - Is the ability to exercise the whole body for long periods of time and is sometimes called stamina. (e.g. Long distance running, swimming)
- Muscular strength - Is the amount of force a muscle can exert against a resistance. It helps sportspeople to hit, tackle and throw. (e.g. weight lifting)
- Muscular endurance - The ability to move smaller weights repeatedly without getting tired. (e.g. Rowing, cycling)
- Flexibility - The range of movement at a joint (e.g. Gymnastics, trampolineing)
- Body composition - Is the make-up of the body. What % is fat , what is muscle and what is fat. (e.g. sumo wrestling, jockeying)
Skill related fitness (6 SRF) linked to sport and
- Speed - How fast you can travel from A to B (E.g. 100m sprint)
- Reaction time - How quickly you respond to a stimulus. (E.g. running, 100m sprint-reaction to start gun)
- Co-ordination - The ability to move 2 body parts at the same time. (E.g. Football, tennis, rugby, badminton)
- Power - The combination of speed and strength. The equation is Power=speed x strength. (E.g. shot put, javelin, baseball)
- Balance - The ability to control the body's position, either stationary (E.g. a handstand) or while moving (E.g. a gymnastics stunt) and to maintain your centre of gravity.
- Agility - Ability to change direction quickly or at speed. (E.g Most sports require an element of agility...Football, tennis, rugby, rounders)
Principles of training (SPORT)
Specificity - training must be matched to the needs of the sporting activity to improve fitness in the body parts the sport uses. Progression - gradually increasing your training to improve your abilities
Overload - increasing the FITT principles to push your body past its boundries.
Reversability - any adaptation that takes place as a result of training will be reversed when you stop training. If you take a break or don’t train often enough you will lose fitness.
Tedium - Try to vary your training, to keep you interested and to give your body a different challenge.
Types of training
Fartleck - Means 'speed play' during fartleck you vary the speed and terrain types.
Interval - Training including periods work and rest. (work/rest/work/rest/work/rest)
Cross - Training in one sport to help improve another.
Weight - Lifting weights to improve strength
Continuous - Training without stopping for at least 30 minutes
Circuit - Is a rotation of activitie that can be adapted to the requirements of the individuals.
influences/barriers when taking part in physical
Five main groups: Culture, Image, resources, influential people and socio-economics. Some influences can be:
- role models
- And lots more!! :D