P.e Theory

Everything you need to know, well most of it :)


  • Health - State of physical, social and mental well being, not merely the absence of disease or illness.
  • Fitness - The ability to meet the demands of the environment.
  • Exercise - Is a form of physical activity done primarily to improve health and physical fitness.
  • Performance - How well a task is completed
  • Mental well being - Feeling good about yourself. Being able to deal with stress and emotions.
  • Social well being - Being able to make friends, improving leadership and teamwork
  • Physical well being - Increase muscles, loose body fat, increase ability in sport and be more attractive. :) (<---by taking part in Physical activity)
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Health related fitness (5HRF) linked to body.

  • Cardiovascular fitness - Is the ability to exercise the whole body for long periods of time and is sometimes called stamina. (e.g. Long distance running, swimming)
  • Muscular strength - Is the amount of force a muscle can exert against a resistance. It helps sportspeople to hit, tackle and throw. (e.g. weight lifting)
  • Muscular endurance - The ability to move smaller weights repeatedly without getting tired. (e.g. Rowing, cycling)
  • Flexibility - The range of movement at a joint (e.g. Gymnastics, trampolineing)
  • Body composition - Is the make-up of the body. What % is fat , what is muscle and what is fat. (e.g. sumo wrestling, jockeying)
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Skill related fitness (6 SRF) linked to sport and

  • Speed - How fast you can travel from A to B (E.g. 100m sprint)
  • Reaction time - How quickly you respond to a stimulus. (E.g. running, 100m sprint-reaction to start gun)
  • Co-ordination - The ability to move 2 body parts at the same time. (E.g. Football, tennis, rugby, badminton)
  • Power - The combination of speed and strength. The equation is Power=speed x strength. (E.g. shot put, javelin, baseball)
  • Balance - The ability to control the body's position, either stationary (E.g. a handstand) or while moving (E.g. a gymnastics stunt) and to maintain your centre of gravity.
  • Agility - Ability to change direction quickly or at speed. (E.g Most sports require an element of agility...Football, tennis, rugby, rounders)
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Principles of training (SPORT)

Specificity - training must be matched to the needs of the sporting activity to improve fitness in the body parts the sport uses. Progression - gradually increasing your training to improve your abilities

Overload - increasing the FITT principles to push your body past its boundries.

  • Frequency
  • Intensity
  • Time
  • Type

Reversability - any adaptation that takes place as a result of training will be reversed when you stop training. If you take a break or don’t train often enough you will lose fitness.

Tedium - Try to vary your training, to keep you interested and to give your body a different challenge.

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Types of training

Fartleck - Means 'speed play' during fartleck you vary the speed and terrain types.

Interval - Training including periods work and rest. (work/rest/work/rest/work/rest)

Cross - Training in one sport to help improve another.

Weight - Lifting weights to improve strength

Continuous - Training without stopping for at least 30 minutes

Circuit - Is a rotation of activitie that can be adapted to the requirements of the individuals.

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influences/barriers when taking part in physical

Five main groups: Culture, Image, resources, influential people and socio-economics. Some influences can be:

  • Parents
  • Peers
  • Family
  • Teachers
  • Yourself
  • role models
  • tradition
  • race
  • age
  • gender
  • money
  • time
  • transport
  • weather
  • And lots more!! :D
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The missing P for SPORT is Progression. This is gradually increasing your training to stedily improve your ability. It can team together with overload to make progressive overload, which is basicly the two definitions or principles stuck together. :) hope this helps you!!



hi...im single :P

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