History - Stalin's motives for Collectivisation

A summary of Stalin's economic, personal, ideological and political motives for implementing collectivisation in the USSR

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Economic motives

  • Larger units of land could be farmed, and more efficiently thanks to mechanisation. The unadvanced and inefficient ways of serfdom could be abolished and production would increase.
  • Exporting the excess could introduce more modern methods and increase grain production.
  • It would be a lot easier to procure the grain.
  • More food would be available to feed the workers and make industrialisation move along faster
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Personal motives

  • Stalin distrusted the peasants and would not let them obstruct the process of industrial production.
  • Collectivisation could help to eliminate Stalin's political rivals, and to secure his position in th party.
  • Stalin saw the Kulaks as a 'class enemy' to be destroyed.
  • Capitalism in the country could be eradicated, replaced with socialism.
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Ideological motives

  • Communists thought it was worng for peasants to own their own land.
  • This went against the communist ideal of collective owner ship.
  • Stalin wanted to turn the Soviet Nation into an industrail power to rival the west.
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Political motives

  • The peasants could be socialised and encoured to become a community.
  • The government could crack down on peasant resistance.
  • Communism could be extended to the remostest areas of the countryside.
  • The NEP was causing disputes
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