HENRY VIII QUEST FOR INTERNATIONAL INFLUENCE

HENRY VIII QUEST FOR INTERNATIONAL INFLUENCE

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HENRY VIII QUEST FOR INTERNATIONAL INFLUENCE

1. What was achieved at the Battle of the Spurs, 1513?

2. How successful was the Battle of Flodden, 1513?

3. What had Henry actually achieved by the end of 1513?

4. How was England left isolated by the end of 1517?

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HENRY VIII QUEST FOR INTERNATIONAL INFLUENCE

1. Henry was determined to obtain glory in France - King personall led an army of 30,000 men across the channel to Calais - capture of town Therauanne and Tournai - little french resistance - built up by English propagandists into glorious victory named the Battle of the Spurs - relatively one-sider encounter

2. King of Scotland took advantage of Henry's absence in France to invade England, English victory was achieved under the command of the Earl of Surrey, even though he was outnumbered and had the weaker position - removed scottish threat the scottish King lay dead

3. Henry stamped his mark on European affairs - English victories on French soil bought prestige - Costs of Henry's capaigns extremely high

4. Wolsey wanted to support any anti-french alliance - subsidy to Emperor Maximillianin hope to repel french advance in N. Italy - Maximillanin took money and defected to French....Wolsey tried to construct anti-french league, the new King of Spain instead made peace with France at Noyon, Maximilian joined through Peace of Cambria - England left isolated

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HENRY VIII QUEST FOR INTERNATIONAL INFLUENCE

5. Why was the Treaty of London, 1518, so successful?

6. What were the terms of the treaty?

7. Why did the Treaty collapse in 1519?

8. What was the field of the Cloth of Gold 1520?

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HENRY VIII QUEST FOR INTERNATIONAL INFLUENCE

Wolsey put together a settlement for universal peace - bounf France, papcy, spain, empire and England - put England at the centre of diplomatic affairs and Wolsey achived notable diplomatic success

Guarenteed no-agression between major powers - any agressor would be rounded on by other states - heaped prestige on Englands reign - ended threat of Englands isolation in Europe - Wolsey recieved title of Legate a Latere

The empoere Maximillian died - power strugle between Francis and Charles - electors of HRE choose Charles (upset balence of power)

Meeting between Francis and Henry - sumpteous feast of chivalric pagentry - no expense was spared (show of renaissance credentials) - little diplomatic value was achieved

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HENRY VIII QUEST FOR INTERNATIONAL INFLUENCE

9. WHAT WAS THE TREATY OF BURGES?

10. WHY WAS WOLSEY EAGER TO RELEASE ENGLAND FORM THE TREATY?

11. WHY DID THIS NOT FAIR WELL FOR THE KINGS GREAT MATTER?

12. WHAT WAS THE RESULT OF THE PEACE OF CAMBRIA

13. WAS ENGLANDS FOREIGN POLICY A SUCCESS?

14. WAS ENGLANDS FOREIGN POLICY A FAILURE?

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HENRY VIII QUEST FOR INTERNATIONAL INFLUENCE

Settelment was made between England and Charles V, where english force would invade France if they refused to make peace

Wolsey wanted to make general peace with France due to lack of money

Anglo-imperial alliance was on the rocks, when impearial troops scaked Rome and took Pope Clement as prisoner it made it impossible for Wolsey to gain the aulment through Rome

Left England isolated and ended Wolsey's chance of obtaining annulment through Rome

Field of Cloth of Gold ehannced England's pretige abroad as well as capture of Therouanne and Tournai - Wolsey viewd as successful peace broker - England not isolated

Was costly, campaigns yeilded few gains, spent 1.4 million fighting wars - call upon parlimentary taxes and forced loans (Amicable Grant) - Wolsey backed wrong side little chance of obtaining an annulment

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