GCSE AQA Geography (Physical) Case Studies

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  • Created by: Jacob
  • Created on: 28-05-13 13:02

Cockermouth (MEDC FLOOD)

MEDC: Cokermouth:

Background information:

  • November 2009
  • Cockermouth is located in Cumbria, UK

What Happened:

  • Rivers Cocker and Derwent rose by 2.5m
  • 1 Person died (PC Barker)
  • Bridges got washed away.

Responses:

  • The army built a temporary bridge
  • People took shelter in 20 neighboring school
  • Tesco's built a temporary shop for people

Why it happened:

  • The ground was saturated from previous rain fall
  • Very heavy rain, 370mm of rain in 3 days
  • Cockermouth was at a confluence of the river Cocker and Derwent
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Bangladesh (LEDC FLOOD)

LEDS: Bangladesh

General Information:

  • Happened in 2004
  • 70% of the country is 1m above sea level
  • Lots of thunder stormes

What happened:

  • 100,00 people where made homeless
  • 600 people where killed
  • Rice harvests where destroyed

The Responses:

  • It cost $1Billion to rebuild everything
  • Flood warning system was put up
  • Emergency aid (Food, Water, Medication) was given.
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Kielder Water System

General information:

  • 12Km long and 52m deep
  • Costs £127million
  • Completed in 1982

Why it is needed:

  • Supply Yorkshire with water
  • Is part of the water transport scheme
  • Supplies Yorkshire with hydro electric power (HEP)

Advantages:

  • Free, Green electricity
  • Created jobs for people
  • Reliable source of water

Disadvantages:

  • 1.5million trees cut down
  • Some houses had to be destroyed to make way
  • Cost a lot of money
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Mt St Helens (MEDC VOLCANO)

General information:

  • Erupted on the 18th of may 1980
  • located in Washington State USA
  • Biggest eruption in the USA

What happened (Effects):

  • 57 people died.
  • 250 homes destroyed
  • 15cm of ash fell.

Responses: Short-term:

  • 198 people rescued from debris.
  • shelter provided for people that lost their homes
  • Medical supplies given out

Responses: Long-term:

  • 1million tonnes of ash was removed from roads
  • Trees replanted
  • Houses where rebuilt
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Mt Nyiragongo (LEDC VOLCANO)

General information:

  • Erupted on the 17h of January 2002
  • located in Democratic Rebublic of Congo

What happened (Effects):

  • 147 people died.
  • 120,000 homes destroyed
  • 400,000 people were evacuated.

Responses: Short-term:

  • Food was given out
  • Water was givien out
  • Shelter was provided

Responses: Long-term:

  • people were educated on what to do in emergancy
  • Chlorine was put in  the lacks to treat them.
  • Houses where rebuilt
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Kobe (MEDC EARTH QUAKE)

General information:

  • 17th January 1995
  • 7.2 on the richter scale
  • The ground shook for 20 seconds

Effects (Primary)

  • 5000 people died.
  • Alot of people were made homeless (300,000 people in total)
  • Electricty was out.

Effects (Secondary)

  • 300,000 people became homeless
  • Fire swept through the city because of the wooden houses
  • Road trafic jams and chaos

Responses (Short-term)

  • Shelter provided
  • People evacuated
  • Food provided

Responses(Long-term)

  • 143,000 houses built
  • New buldings where earth quake proof
  • More instruments were installed in the area to monitor earthquake movements.
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Sichuan (LEDC EARTH QUAKE)

General information:

  • 12th May 2008
  • 7.9 on the richter scale
  • The ground shook for 120 seconds

Effects (Primary)

  • Land slides
  • communication disrupted

Effects (Secondary)

  • 69,000 people died.
  • a lot of people were made homeless (5 million people in total)
  • Cost estimated to be 70million

Responses (Short-term)

  • Army forces and volunteers search for survivors
  • 20 helicopters sent to look for survivers
  • shelter was given to hoses in need

Responses(Long-term)

  • Chineese government spent $10 million rebuilding
  • Houses rebuilt
  • roads rebuilt
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Himalayas (FOLD MOUNTAINS)

Charactoristics of the mountains:

  • Mountain range crosses six countries 
  • Highest peak the Mount Everest (1700 miles)

Uses of the mountains:

  • Hydro electric power
  • Farming
  • Tourism
  • Mining
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Honduras (LEDC HURRICAN)

General infromation:

  • Happened on the 5th November 1998
  • happend becasue of chane in tempatue, moist air and humid temperature

Effects (Primary)

  • Landslides
  • Floods
  • Buildings destroyed

Effects (Secondary)

  • Almost 20,000 people died
  • 2.7 peoplewere made homeless
  • 80% of its crops were destroyed

Responses (Short term)

  • 45,000 people evacuated
  • 700 toes of foodwas offerd
  • searched dogs sent to find survivors

Responses (long term)

  • $6.3 billion raised globaly
  • Houses rebuilt
  • crops replanted
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3 Gorges Dam

General information:

  • Located in China along rhe Yangtaz river.
  • 22,500 MW of power is made
  • Biggest HEP station in the world
  • 2.1 miles long

Advantages:

  • Provides 10% of china electricity
  • Attracts tourists
  • Created jobs

Dissadvantages:

  • 1.3million people forced to move.
  • River landscape changed forever
  • 150 towns flooded.
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