Reasons why tourism is increasing:
ü Better paid jobs which means that there is more money to be spent on holiday
ü More holidays which means that people have more spare time to go on holiday.
ü Travel has become cheaper.
Reasons why some places are becoming popular:
ü Countries have become better at marketing themselves (e.g. middle east).
ü Improvement in transport has meant that it is easier to get to places.
ü Improvement in transport and infrastructure have made destination look more attractive.
Popular tourist areas:
People are attracted to cities by the culture and shopping (e.g. Paris, London and Rome)
People are attracted to coastal areas by the beaches and swimming (e.g. Jamaica)
People are attracted to mountain areas by the beautiful activities like climbing (e.g. Alps)
The importance of tourism:
Tourism create jobs for the local people (helps the economy grow)
Tourism allso increase the income of other businesses that supply the tourist industry.
Poor countries are more dependent on the income from tourism (15% of Kenya’s GNP compared with 3% of the UK’s GNP)
Why people visit the UK:
Historical landmark (Big Ben)
Churches and cathedrals (St Paul’s cathedral)
There were 32 million visitors to the UK in 2008 and 16 million of them were in London. The UK made £114 billion in 2007 and 1.4 million people were employed.
What affect Tourism:
· Weather (in 2007 a wet summer day was blamed for a drop in overseas visitors.)
· Terrorism (the bombings in the 7th of July 2005 was blamed for a drop in visitors).
· The exchange value (if the pound is low Britain is cheaper to visit)
The tourist life cycle:
1. Exploration-small number of visitors is attracted to the area.
2. Involvement-local people start providing facilities for the tourist.
3. Development-more and more visitors come as more facilities are built
4. Consolidation: Tourism is a still a big part of the local economy, the number of tourist begin to level off.
5. Stagnation: visitors have peaked, facilities are no longer as good and tourists have had a negative impact on the local environment.
6. Rejuvenation or decline:
ü Rejuvenation: if the area is rejuvenated more visitors would be attracted to the area by the new facilities.
ü Decline: Fewer people come as the area is less attractive. The area is either shut down or it is run-down.
UK tourism – Case Study
Lake District gets around 15 million visitors a year.
The reasons why people visit Lake District is:
Ø Tourist comes to enjoy the scenery (e.g. lake Windermere).
Ø There are many activities available (e.g…