Factors affecting fertility

  • Created by: tabsie22
  • Created on: 17-09-19 09:15

Demographic

Other population factors (besides fertility), especially mortality rates (infant mortality, life expectancy).

For example, people will have more children if the Infant Mortality is high, to ensure a large family despite child deaths.

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Social/Cultural

  • Some societies or traditions demand high fertility rates, as a large family can be a sign of status, power and masculinity. Women can be viewed in an extremely traditional way - as housewives and mothers. (eg: many African cultures)
  • Some societies have lower female literacy (eg: Afghan girls are not allowed to attend school) Female literacy is the key in lowering fertility, eg: Western societies have many women that choose to pursue careers over a family.
  • Certain religions require certain sexual behaviour or tendencies. (eg: christianity bans sex before marriage; monks have to be completely abstinent, etc...)
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Economic

  • Children are either seen as an economic asset or burden, depending on the people. (eg: children are wanted to work the land or take care of the parents in old age in African societies; it is expensive to raise a child in Europe.)
  • Women can be offered financial incentives against having children if their employer values them greatly.
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Political

  • Some governments attempt to change the country's fertility rates by introducing policies that encourage or discourage high fertility rates.
  • For example: China's one-child policy.
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