Fertility

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  • Created by: jess
  • Created on: 13-05-13 11:34

Trends

Relationship with death rates is important. High birth rates to counter high death rates of infant mortality. Improvments in healthcare, sanitation and diet have led to a drop in infant mortality therefore reducing birth rates.

Factors affecting fertility:

  • Tradition and Culture: In some parts demand for high rates of reproduction are high
  • Education for women: with education comes knowledge of birth control, more employment opportunities and wider choices
  • Youthful population: larger number of young women ensure population growth even if births per women are low
  • Social class: fertility decreases from lower to higher classes
  • Religion: Islam and Roman Catholic Church oppose use of artificial birth control  
  • Economy: LEDC's children are economic asset, viewed as producers rather than consumers - MEDC's is reversed
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LEDC's

  • Have the fastese rate of population growth and greatest fall in fertility rates.
  • Average growth rate in an LEDC is 1.8%
  • Africa and Middle East its 2.3%
  • Fertility rates are declining in LEDC's
  • traditional religious views are a barrier to low fertility
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MEDC's

  • growth is slow
  • fertility required to maintain population level (2.12 children per woman)
  • 50 nations already below this level
  • governments are starting to act
  • Japan have £50million to stop fall in fretility
  • european countries have incentives to increase birth rates with financial benefits offered for a third child
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