Ethiopia case study

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Ethiopia has more fertile land per person than the United Kingdom.
In the 1970s, the Ethiopian government seized the farmland from the
farmers. This contributed to a 1984 - 1985 famine in Ethiopia. Ethiopia's
famine is aggravated by high population growth, bad governance, inefficient
agricultural policies, misplaced budgetary priorities, abject poverty, poor
infrastructure, lack of access to fertilizers and pesticides, the HIV/AIDS
pandemic, and internal conflicts. High population growth is a major factor.
Ethiopia's population has grown from 18 million in 1950 to an estimated 77
million today and is projected to be about 170 million by 2050.
FAO estimated on January 6, 2006, that more than 11 million people in the
Horn of Africa countries may be affected by an impending widespread
famine, largely attributed to a severe drought, and exacerbated by military
conflicts in the region.
These conditions of drought, together with other factors including high
cereal prices, overpopulation in the region, and conflict, lead to 2006 Horn
of Africa food crisis.
Ethiopia's population has
grown dramatically in the
last several decades, from
33.5 million in 1983 to 75.1
million in 2006. The
country's population is highly
diverse. Most of its people
speak a Semitic or Cushitic
language. The Oromo,
Amhara, and Tigray and
Somali make up more than
three-quarters of the
population, but there are
more than 80 different
ethnic groups within Ethiopia.
Some of these have as few as
10,000 members.
Christians make up 61% of
the country's population,
Muslims 33%, and
practitioners of traditional faiths 5%


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